Top 10 billionaires of unique
Their empire arose in rare branches and bank accounts were replenished thanks to an unusually busy.
Following the publication of each new list of Forbes billionaires start counting: how many in each country or the capital, how many men and how many women, how many married, and how many idle and what are the sources of their wealth. It turns out that in the last global list of most billionaires (139, total wealth - $ 526 billion) engaged in the investment business, in second place (129, $ 628 billion), those who made his billions in the fashion and retail, and the third (91 , $ 398 billion) - energy.
Many billionaires in the list turned out to realtors, "technology", financiers, "miners" and metallurgists. But there are among the richest residents of units of the Earth, whose experience is not repeated, no one else: their empire arose in rare branches and bank accounts were replenished thanks to an unusually busy. Among them Lady flavors from Hong Kong, the governor Finnish elevators and escalators, Dutch emperor of window blinds, Ukrainian egg king, and even drug lord.
The richest people in Africa Nigerian Aliko Dangote Sugar King (number 51 Forbes list, the state of $ 13, 8 billion). In addition, Dangote - businessman with the fastest growing state in the world: it has increased by 557% last year. growth catalyst was the entrance to the stock exchange Dangote Cement companies, capitalization amounted to a quarter of the Nigerian stock market.
Established in 1977, a small trading company has evolved over time into a huge conglomerate, became the first major supplier of sugar for local producers of soft drinks, beer and sweets, and then extend the influence of the cement business is not only at home but also in Benin and Ghana. New enterprises are being built in Zambia, Tanzania, Congo and Ethiopia, and shipping terminals - in Sierra Leone and Liberia. The success of Dangote linked to support for the ruling People's Democratic Party: for re-election in 2003, former President Olusegun Obasanjo, the entrepreneur has spent more than $ 200 million, supported it, and the next ruler of the country, Umaru Musa Yar'Adua. Today, Dangote Group companies dominate the Nigerian market of salt, rice, textiles and embracing new directions - transportation and oil and gas. On his last birthday 54-year-old Dangote bought for $ 45 million brand new aircraft Bombardier. The British Daily Mirror says he is going to buy 16% Arsenal team, but the billionaire denies these rumors.
The caster trees
IOI Group Malaysian billionaire Lee Shin Cheng (number 208, $ 5 billion) begins with the release of palm oil, which is used in the food, cosmetic and metallurgical industries, and has grown into the largest manufacturer in the world. The group is also engaged in real estate development in Malaysia, Indonesia, Europe and the United States.
The son of a Chinese shopkeeper, Lee grew up on a rubber plantation and dropped out of school at age 11 to help support the family. Eventually he received his secondary education, but was not able to do a control on Dunlop Estate Company palm plantations, because, as he explained, not enough command of English. 20 years later, in 1989, he bought a company that had rejected him, and considers this the happiest day in my life. Lee calls his palm "girlfriends", and competitors and journalists called his constant trips up and down the many plantations "caster trees."
The name of President of the Hong Kong Huabao International Chu Lam Yu (number 409, $ 2, 8 billion) meant nothing to anyone in the world, while in 2008 did not appear on the Forbes list of the pages in the youngest women billionaires. When she was 38 years old and she and her $ 1, 3 billion ranked 760 th in the world's richest. She had not received an inheritance, and built their wealth itself. For ten years, starting with the perfume business and trade in spices, Chu created the whole investment empire. Even now she does not like publicity, but cleverly plays on the interest of investors to assets, focused on the growing domestic demand in China, and has proved itself in numerous transactions in this business strategy. "Daughters" of its holding company are research, produce perfume, tobacco and food flavors and fragrances for detergents.
Elevator to wealth
Finn Antti Herlin (№651, $ 1, 9 billion) business had inherited from his father, Pekka Herlin and that - through his father from his grandfather, Harald Herlin, who in 1924 bought the company produces elevators KONE. The current chairman of the board of directors, which owns approximately 20% of its economic interests and more than 60% of voting shares, could be even richer if it had not shared his inheritance with his brothers and sisters. Their father, whose life is described in the book of journalist John Simon's "Prince of KONE", was not only a workaholic, developing family firm, but a despot with mental disorders. Pekka favorite movie was "The Godfather", and the ideal - the mafia, with its blind devotion to family. At the end of the life of the head of KONE he rewrote his will, making the sole heir of the eldest son of the Anti, and only his decision to make brothers and sisters redeemed multimillionaires scandal.
walking in the rain
In the last year, He Chiaonu (№782, $ 1, 6 billion), Chinese landscape architect, owner and president of Beijing Orient Landscape doubled his fortune, and first came to the Forbes list. The holding company, are traded since 2009 on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, it owns 72%. A growing class of nouveau riche Chinese tends to modern leisure, but with Chinese characteristics, and 400 designers from its holding company builds a golf course in landscapes familiar to its customers on the medieval drawings. She herself admitted Forbes, she loves walking in the rain.
Billions of shade
multiplying the state at the shadows - literally - could Dutchman Ralph Sonnenberg (№782, $ 1, 6 billion). His father, Henry founded a company for the production of machine tools in 1919, and then transformed it by creating a new technology for producing aluminum plates for Venetian blinds. Today, the Hunter Douglas group includes 164 production, assembly and marketing firms in 100 countries. Corp. is known for being stopped all online sales from June 1, 2010, announcing that virtual offices can not provide the same high level of service, which is possible in the real world. Last year, Hunter Douglas blinds supplied and ceiling systems for the construction of the tallest building in the world Burj Khalifa in Dubai.
The king of the Civil Code of
the richest and most famous American lawyer Joe Dzhameyla (№833, $ 1, 5 billion) is also called the king of the Civil Code. He was in such demand that a threshold rejected hundreds of cases, no matter how loud they may seem. One of the last was the proposal to conduct numerous lawsuits against BP, the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. "I'm too busy", - he said. In 1985, he won the case between Pennzoil and Texaco oil companies, which became the most expensive suit in history: Texaco had to pay $ 11 billion, and Dzhameyla fee was $ 335 million Thanks to him, the producers withdrew three dangerous product:. Rifle, Remington 600, a three-wheeled Honda SUV and Parlodel medicine. He won more than 200 cases of personal injury compensation of more than $ 1 million each. Own mother described Joe as a child as a boy, whom she would not advise their children to play. "His friends called him" the savior "," philanthropist "," good guy "and" son of a bitch, "but no one ever found it boring," - wrote in the summary publishers of his book "The lawyer. My trials and victories. "
A magical transformation of
series of books about Harry Potter author JK Rowling (№1140, $ 1 billion) needs no introduction. Even if you lived in poverty before a single mother is not nothing more to write, fees in the history of the adolescent wizard, films about him, gifts and income from amusement park in Orlando (FL) is enough for a lifetime. The circulation of her books describing life in the school Hogwarts magic came already sold more than 400 million and have been translated into nearly 60 languages, including Latin and Ancient Greek. Shares of its US publisher Scholastic grown since 1998, when the first book was printed at 50%.
Who would have known the former deputy chairman of the Ukrainian state company "Naftogaz Ukraine" Oleg Bakhmatyuk (1140, $ 1 billion), though in 2007 he sold his share in the lucrative gas distribution companies and did not leave the business, the profitability of which so much depends on the political climate. Instead, he focused on the bought in the four years before that in his native Ivano-Frankivsk egg production. Today, in his egg empire 19 poultry farms, 6 units of feed production, egg processing plant, 3 units for breeding poultry breeding, storage 3 and 9 farms across Ukraine. In 2009 Bakhmatyuk held IPO of its agricultural holding "Vanguard" on the London Stock Exchange, was rescued about 20% shares of $ 210 million. In other words, his business is estimated at $ 1 billion. Among the small-scale farmers, who produce the lion's share of Ukrainian eggs, its holding company holds , by his own estimation, a quarter of the market and more than half of the market of egg products. But it does not suit the former Gazovik, which already sells to export 17% of production. He is attracted to Asian and Middle Eastern markets, "which need protein," said the billionaire newspaper The Kyiv Post.
Needle "Robin Hood"
Few people from the Forbes list, there are thieves nicknames, but the Mexican Joaquín Guzmán (1140, $ 1 billion), drug lord of the Sinaloa cartel, known as El Chapo, "Shorty". It is believed that the cartel supplies a quarter of all the United States "a fool." The appearance of the name "Shorty" in the list of the richest entrepreneurs, managers, and rentiers caused confusion: one of the participants of the "Midas List" refused to mention his name, the Mexican government called it an insult, but Time magazine found that if taken into account only the size of the wealth, the principle on which Guzman has appeared in the pages of the Forbes, "a hedgehog is clear." Especially that Joaquin is not the first such: until 1993, and died in a shootout with police list adorned the name of his fellow Colombian Pablo Escobar. Since Guzman was taken in 2001 from prison in a car with dirty laundry, the cartel has become a major supplier of drugs from Central America to North America and, according to experts, "to wash" over the years, more than $ 20 billion in wholesale turnover. However, in his native province of Sinaloa Guzman find someone like Robin Hood, who "puts in order the city and the cemetery ..." shows Chicago Tribune. Favorite way to intimidate the local population is still dissolution of the enemy body in a bath of acid.