Underwater Zoo amazing creatures in Indonesia
For divers Indonesia - a kind of a unique region. Bólshego number of spas, safari vessels, routes and areas for diving is not in any region of the world, it is understandable, the largest archipelago, and even the tropics. Of course, the resorts on the islands of Haarlem near the western coast of Papua in the very darkness of cockroaches very few people know, but the area Limbe Strait on the northern tip of the island of Sulawesi is widely known in diving circles.
Underwater inhabitants of the Straits of Limbe slopes especially for lovers of the underwater macro photography, as well as divers with a tendency to take pleasure in finding and viewing colorful detail than something big and floating. Actually most of the waters is very meets the definition of muck diving.
This succinct phrase introduced in dayvesky Dictionary Halstad Bob, when he worked on a safari boat captain to stay on board Telita in Papua New Guinea. In order to fuel economy, it is not carried to remote clients colorful reefs, and told them about the following:
- "Dear, why should we go somewhere, you know, the open sea, pitching flow. Who needs these bright corals, fantastic clarity, the abundance of pelagic fish? It's all old as the world. I suggest you to plunge into the unique underwater world and guess where? Yes, right here in our bay at the pier, there is at the bottom of the stunning landscape of black volcanic sand, full of different types of garbage cans, old shoes and tires, and in them, you will not believe, is living. In general, nyryate and see for yourself. "
For a convincing expression of the impact of the phrase was important, feed, and of course without personal example can not do. The term caught on, and it is believed that if you just dive on reefs and looking marco, it does not muck diving, but if you issleduesh dark, often muddy soil, with lots of debris and oppressed corals, it's just muck diving in all its glory. In the photo a classic representative of poppy Diving - hairy fish-frog (Hairy frogfish or Antennarius striatus), very visibly through their threadlike skin outgrowths. Usually disguised in the day and hunt from an ambush in the region of the eyes she is a ray of the dorsal fin, transformed into a kind of fishing rod with bait on the end. Fish rhythmically waving them and lure wavering, recalling worm that attracts the fish's mouth small fish, which she eats.
In fact, the Strait itself is small, only 1, 5-2 km wide and 15 km long and is located between the same small island Limbe and the coast of the northern tip of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi huge. The nearest international airport of Manado (MDC), the shortest way of arrival via Singapore.
Additional color in a special atmosphere diving poppy adds neighborhood sufficiently large and Bitung port development. The number of vessels in the waters of more than a few dozen, mostly fishing and transportation of agricultural products. The port is located in the southern part of the strait, so that when the winds and currents of the northern areas of its influence on the dive reduced to a conditional minimum.
Beach from the mainland more tightly tuned, mostly villages, some economic matters. Hilly coast, in fact the many slopes of volcanoes, fertile soil and spread the plantation. On the part of the island Limbe buildings smaller due to more complex logistics, although many plots of land in private hands and waiting for investment projects.
On the banks of the waters located adored by all divers specialized dive resorts, combining accommodation with an excellent restaurant and a multipurpose dive center. All in one place on the beach, no need for any transfers in the morning, the hassle and expense. Stay at the resort, you can typically make 3-5 dives per day, if you have the enthusiasm and dive with Nitrox, it is possible and more. The cost in the range 800-1600 per week all-inclusive diving to dive sites in the course of 2-10 minutes on average. In the photo view from the sea at the resort Kungkungan Bay Dive Resort.
In general, poppy diving particularly revered photographers, as well as persons with a botanical bias warehouse and calm nature, are prone to unusual knowledge. Who else but they can spend 20 minutes photographing a shy fish, frog or looking into a magnifying glass tiny shrimp. The photo orange color variation giant frog fish (Commerson's frogfish or Antennarius commerson), sitting under a colony of coral Xenia (Xenia) polyps with typical pulsating rhythmically opens and closes the process of feeding.
to commit one dive on a limb with an experienced guide, you can see the ten species of fish, of which even the experienced diver is always seen under the water. Another unusual fish, the bottom leading lifestyle - scorpion fish scorpion fish or Echmeyera (Purple Scorpionfish or Rhinopia eschmeyeri). Such lipped swallow can suck into the mouth of a fish in a quarter of its size.
And here, as they say, the main thing is not to be afraid. When the float half a meter above the floor, and suddenly you see a couple of bleary-eyed with carnivorous Krivozubov grin, the faint of heart may be at ease. In fact, we are witnessing yet another unusual fish astrologer (Stargazer or Uranoscopus chinensis), it is completely buried in the ground, leaving the outside of the eye and organs of touch, and out of such an ambush catches the fish swimming by. Very agile predator, and so relies on his disguise, that allow to swim quite close.
Find on the reef decorated pipefish (Ornate Ghost Pipefish or Solenostomus paradoxus) can not everyone. Its size is not conducive to rapid detection (8 - 12 cm), and the ability to mimic - to adjust the appearance by surrounding objects, it allows to merge with the sea lily, gorgonian fan or a colony of soft corals. On dark soils are more conspicuous, sometimes a pair of swim and almost always snout down looking at something in the ground and looking for small crustaceans.
Typically muck waters saturated by young individuals (Form juvenile), there are quieter, you can always find shelter and a better chance to grow up. If you look at different objects and flooded cavity, you can find a very tiny version of the usual fish, for example, decorated with a frog-fish (Painted frogfish or Antennarius pictus). The name comes from their way of movement when they are not in a hurry, then just go on the bottom front of paired fins, and when in a hurry, then help yourself tail bobbing above the bottom of a few centimeters, like a frog.
It is a magical-looking spotted shrimp Harlequin (Harlequin shrimp or Hymenocera picta), the size of a few centimeters. This species has a disproportionately large claws, but they are not used in a fight or hunt, more as a demonstration façade to clarify the relationship of the territory and ohmureniya females.
And this bright and colorful inhabitants of the sea has a reputation as a real fighter, able to withstand even larger opponents. This animal is called a marine cancer-mantis (Peacock mantis shrimp or Odontodactylis scyllarus), according to some sources he was world champion in the category of impact, minimum weight * maximum acceleration. Powerful forelimbs can strike like a hammer for hundredths of a second, so they break up the thick limestone shells shells or skeletons of chitin opponents. Extracts and excessively curious divers on a finger of a photographer or unlucky glass lens underwater case. Unique high-sensitive eyes will always find where poudachnee hit, so pouvazhitelnee this crayfish.
On the sandy soils of many animals use the tactics of burying in the bottom. This chernoplavnikovy acne (Black finned snake ell or Ophichthus altipennis) reaches a length of up to several tens of centimeters and completely dug into the ground, podkaraulivaya small prey. Any objects larger size suggest itself to him anguish and he is hiding in a hole, so to find and see the outside is necessary to look into the distance for a few meters.
And here is a very nice reef inhabitant of detachment eel - nosed moray (Leaf-nosed moray ell or Rhinomuraena quaesita). As can be seen from this moray very expressive nose. One of its features - a change of sex and color in their lifetime. When they are young, they are all young black males, as they grow older turn blue as the color begins to break through the yellow, then the man is fully matured, but then they turn yellow and become great in females. Such is the sexual life before becoming someone's mother, they were someone else's dads.
All the beaches of the Strait of black, composed of volcanic sand. Most resorts are located in the bays and the house reef is a sandy field with coral oases where life is concentrated. Most of the dives from the shore is free and guests otnyryav basic program with a bot can continue to dive on the house reef. Since the depth is not great, typically do 3-4 dives bot and 1-2 on the house reef, including the night.
Mack diving is good that attention is very focused and passing the monotonous landscape of eyes literally clings to anything unusual and colorful. Not proplyvesh past Striped coral shrimp (Banded coral shrimp or Stenopus hispidus), if you stop and watch it, you can see it in the traditional roles cleaner. Shrimp or she finds a client, such as moray eels, fish or invitingly waving his white mustache, antennas, and then proceed to cleanse the body of other inmates, by eating parts of old skin and parasites. Relationships are so professional and trusting that shrimp climbs customers even in the mouth, cleaning the mouth as well.
Straits of Limbe, like the rest of Southeast Asia, rich in colorful nudibranchs. Due to the toxicity can not eat them and the Asians they are not caught, so that any of their waters is more than enough. Almost all have bright colors and characteristic outgrowths on the body, each individual type of growths, but they all play the role of skin gills, providing a breath. Nudibranchs - the most photographed underwater macro lens, ie to significant variations, there are about 3000 species, and even more... In the photo beautiful Leopard Chromodoris (Chromodoris leopardus), creeps through the sand on the lunch box of the sponges.
When the conventional reefs sometimes see black sea urchins, the urchins on sand across all colors of the rainbow. This fire urchin (Fire Urchin or Asthenosoma varium) has a bad reputation and its needle injections are very painful because of the special poison enters the wound. At night diving should be careful swinging his elbows and knees. This urchin often appears in close-up shots, t. To. Under his protection usually live some species of shrimp.
One of the species of cephalopods, the most common in the poppy diving waters - Cuttlefish Pferfferi (Pfeffer's Flamboyant Cuttlefish - Metasepia pfefferi). Fleymboyant English name, can be translated as - decorated with flames or something like. These small (up to 10 cm) in molluscs quirks coloring can compete with themselves golozhabernikov. Very nice, if I saw this under water, I consider that the dive was a success.
Every self-respecting nature and macro dive guide must have submerged the small pointer (usually stainless steel rod 40 cm), they are very easy to show the animals, as well as attract the attention of the group under the water, knocking on aluminum cans behind. We poppy dive guides in addition to the traditional pointer is in the arsenal is another more subtle pointer, it is possible to work with very small change, to move slightly in the frame for the best song or show something without disturbing the animal. The ratio dive guide - the client under water in Limbe resorts is less than 1: 4, for a small fee you can order an individual dive guides for the day.
From my favorite octopus in this part of Indonesia certainly can see the blue-ringed octopus (Blue ringed octopus - Hapalochlaena lunulata) in the form of very small (3-5 cm), but according to scientists, he is among the five most poisonous sea creatures. Its venom is deadly to humans, not to mention the small crabs and shrimps on which he hunted. Such advantages octopus popularized to the public, being beaten directors in spy films, e.g. James Bond. Someone he's biting the nose.
Another kind of funny octopus - korotkouhy or coconut octopus (Octopus Coconut or Amphioctopus marginatus), being small in size (8-10 cm), he found a perfect home in the form of one or two halves of a coconut (sometimes with the same end uses paired sash shells). It can be seen sitting on the floor and cover half the coconut or it will sit in one half and the top as a lid to close the other. This behavior is primarily for Indonesia, where coconuts at the bottom there, it can dig in the sand or hiding in a hole.
The dream of all photographers - Octopus simulator (Mimic Octopus or Thaumoctopus mimicus), it was first scientifically described and identified as a separate species in the late nineties it was off the coast of Sulawesi. Unlike other octopuses, which are increasingly mimic something still, this kind of mimics the behavior of other animals. The first adjusting to the shape and style of movement, it can simulate the skate, flounder fish, sea snake and even jellyfish. His skills, he actively uses in hunting and defense. Its dimensions are small - 30-50 cm.
Diving in the strait are not limited to internal waters, at its northern tip, which traditionally falls within, arranged good coral slopes. Colonies hard and soft corals better feel with good hydrodynamics and oxygen-rich water. Macro life on the coral slopes deserves a separate story, but a kind of hits on fotopopulyarnosti below:
Kings masking - sea horses pygmy (Pygmy seahorse or Hippocampus bargibanti), living in colonies horn corals (gorgonians), ideally mastered emulation technique shape and color of branching coral. Dimensions skates are so small (1-2cm), that find it difficult to the untrained eye, just do not know what to look for. Dive guides can easily find them and show to tourists, but there's a clever trick - as skates sedentary and sit at the same gorgonian on year, to remember their position on a slope is easy.
ridge body so perfectly matches the texture and with a branch of coral polyps, the first species of seahorses are accidentally opened after the corals were removed from the sea and placed in the aquarium for the study. Since then already opened about 9 species of seahorses living on different gorgonian. Sea horse tail tightly encircles coral and gently shaken on a current, as a pensioner on a rocking chair, eating plankton.
The flat niches of coral reefs can be found pretty sedentary fish-leaf (Leaf Scorpionfish or Taenianotus triacanthus). Her body is flattened in a vertical plane, and it seems to be swaying from side to side, balancing on the pectoral fins. This is the technique of masking a harmless leaf, while the fish is always ready to suck death floated trifle. This fish is always very attractive body color - pale pink or whitish-green, and even their eyes shine like a diamond in its purest form.
Lovers of evening and night dives in enclosed lagoons and calm reefs of the Philippines, Malaysia, as well as a diving Mecca poppy Indonesia - one of the few lucky ones who can watch the fish Mandarin (Mandarin fish or Synchiropus splendidus) in their natural habitat. This small fish (2-5 cm) is very popular among aquarists because of their colors - bluish body color with orange stripes and shades of green and purple. Even the name is derived from the similarity of the colors with colorful clothes tangerines - officials in imperial China. In the dark tangerine fish begin to show more active, swimming over coral and preying on small crustaceans. Many people are surprised tangerine style of swimming fish, it moves in short spurts, hanging in the water, reminding flight of a bird hummingbird on flower buds.