GeoFresher - Laguna lost ships
• GeoFresher - Laguna lost ships
Chuuk Islands - a group of small islands as part of the Federated States of Micronesia. The historical name of these islands - Truk.
History Truk Islands began with their discovery by Spanish sailors and continue research of the French explorer Dumont d'Urville, and then Russian traveler Fyodor Litke. After the Spanish-American War of 1898 under an agreement between Spain, Germany and the United States - Micronesia, except for Guam, it was bought from the US to Germany for $ 4, 2 million at the beginning of the First World War, in 1914, the islands were occupied by Japan..
In the years of the Japanese presence on the islands of the military base was deployed, where over a thousand merchant and naval ships were moored. Five airfields, designed nearly 500 aircraft, ensures complete safety of the islands. In addition to ensuring the protection and the base of operation involved patrol, landing and torpedo boats, submarines, tugs and naval mine sweepers.
Truk was considered the most formidable of all Japanese strongholds in the Pacific Ocean. This reputation has allowed the team a confident base to relax a little, despite the fact that US forces were rapidly approaching from the east. Shipments from Japan almost ceased due to US submarines equipped with torpedoes. Of these food supplies, fuel, and new weapons, only 10% came to the base.
By the beginning of 1944, the US forces have collected the whole armada of battleships, cruisers, destroyers and submarines for the final strike against Truk 16, 17 and 18 February. This attack, codenamed "Operation Heylstoun" caught by surprise the Japanese military, which led to one of the most successful US battles during World War II.
Later, the Japanese transferred about 100 remaining aircraft from Rabaul to Truk. These aircraft were attacked by US aircraft carrier forces 29-30 April 1944, with the result that most of them were destroyed. Truk was completely destroyed, more than 70 ships and 400 aircraft were destroyed or drowned.
About 20 years later, adventurers Jacques Cousteau, Al Giddings and Klaus Lindemann discovered the charms of the lagoon, where the sunken military vehicles combined with strings of coral and a variety of live undersea world.
Chuuk Islands with their shallow and picturesque lagoons - this is a real mecca for divers. Truk Lagoon is unquestionably one of the best places on the planet for wreck diving, a kaleidoscope of colors and shapes attracts divers from all over the world both for daytime and for night dives. But not all the historical side of the lagoon is hidden under the water. Before the Japanese lighthouses located on the top with the best views of the lagoon can be reached by car or on foot. Furthermore experienced guides can show the old runways and command posts, emplacements and a network of caves, hospitals and libraries.
Svetlana Pasechnik, especially for our website