Photographs of the USSR in 1932
American photographer James Ebbe (James Abbe) started out as a fashion photographer, taking pictures of stars of Broadway and Hollywood, but then switched to photojournalism, including in 1927 and 1932, he lived for some time in the USSR.
Below are pictures of him from a book I Photograph Russia. Photo taken in 1932, the book was published in 1934. For photos are transferred Ebbe signatures.
"Long live the world revolution," reads a poster, while the Soviet workers marching on Red Square. The world revolution would have happened no doubt if the industry would all work the same way as in Russia.
In the afternoon I looked at this scene from my hotel window, wondering where in the Kremlin is the purpose of my Russian journey and this book.
The night in Moscow. The scene of incredible beauty. From new hotel Moscow your mind goes with a moonlit river to the mighty Kremlin, its spiers and towers, darkening skyline.
Kremlin occupies an area of 100 acres, and surrounded by a high stone wall 2,430 yards long. Somewhere inside this imposing palace on the right is a personal Stalin's office ... but I promised not to say where.
Master ruthlessly interrupt the immortal names in the works of art of a century ago. The inscription "The Romanovs" are replaced by "New Hotel Moscow." Tourists, stealing silver spoons for souvenirs, just satisfied.
The ice appears on the Moscow River just before dawn. People rise early to watch the drifting ice.
The coronation throne, which was crowned by the last king. This is one of the Kremlin's churches -koronatsionnaya church - so called because it was used only for this purpose.
The sensation of a lifetime even for the seasoned veteran pictures. Sinister, cold as steel, mysterious and distant, Stalin, red king, never before and after did not agree to pose for the photographer. (Reproduced with one of the two photographs ever signed by Stalin).
The twenty-year anniversary of the Truth, a government body. Parade and a giant banner emphasize that "the press must serve as an instrument of socialist education."
If the selection of periodicals on trays too limited to attract many buyers, book series, by contrast, attracted many fans, especially university students.
PROHIBITED. The author was arrested for taking photographs of the railway scene. Starving peasants weeks waiting for train to go to that area, which seems to them to the Promised Land, where you can find enough food to survive.
Foreign engineers agree that women workers are more efficient and reliable than men. Photographer, who took pictures of bathing beauties in Hollywood, will find here a little beauty, but a lot of muscle.
PROHIBITED. Photographing any queue - a taboo, especially if it is the turn of the products. Risking author photographed view of the queue lining up for a time before the opening of the store, that the author did not even dare to say.
Hospital Dnieper modern and well equipped. Her rentgenkabinetom and maternity ward samples of the modern organization, the staff is different enthusiasm and efficiency. The Bolshevik triumph.
If he ever so humble ... This photo shows the house Dnieprostroi workers and child of one of them, with his back turned.
First of May more than a million Red Army soldiers and workers forced to pass on Red Square. In the foreground, two hundred privileged ticket holders: correspondents, journalists, diplomats and capitalists ...
The beads start at thirty degrees below zero and tiny Bolsheviks taken out for some fresh air, but the weight and density of blankets make you think whether the correct word "breathe".
"We have nothing to lose but their chains" - the slogan of the workers in these organized marches required. Walking through Red Square, they should look as if "break their chains."
Pioneers, organized to sell state loan bonds for a second five-year plan. Subscription, of course, voluntary, but let heaven help the one who will buy at least one.
PROHIBITED. Accident is taboo. Here on the Red Square there was one when the horse artillery galloped at breakneck speed. Slogan in Chinese, repeated in five languages, reads "Long live the Soviet Republic."
Twice a year, on May 1 and November 7, 7000 Red soldiers led by a procession of over a million workers during forced parade. Group on Lenin's grave, from right to left: Kalinin, Ordzhonikidze, Voroshilov, Stalin, Molotov, and Gorky.
Litvinov luxury robber under the old regime and diplomatic super distributor of Bolshevism under the new, enfant terrible of the Geneva conference, prominent Soviet dignitary, who "never gives interviews." A huge map of the world in the background.
The wife and children of the photographer James Ebbe.
The church in the village Klyazma typical Russian church. In those few cities bells that were not melted down, do not call, but in the province 60% of churches still running.
Suburban newsstand. It is incredible that you will find New York Times, Fortune and Harper's Bazaar. Sale of strawberries.
in your day Muscovites stretch for sports grounds. Strength, agility, speed and endurance are welcome in a country striving for maximum physical development.
Church funeral in the street is prohibited, but are born with the cemeteries, where one hundred percent, the Bolsheviks never go. In remote areas, which does not reach the propaganda, the peasants mourn their dead, dormant in the coated paper coffins.
PROHIBITED. The train is about the same strategic importance as your commuter tram. But the rule is the rule: "Do not take photos" - one of the main Soviet among the ten commandments and the railway stations - the exclusion zone.
On the front of the hotel Metropol: church guards the wealth stolen from the exploited masses. Children of Light kindness: inscription left - Russian priest, its pork counterpart.
Director of the anti-religious museum in the ancient Donskoy Monastery in Moscow. He sits in his chair and his father abbot at his desk - but with completely different goals!
Comrade Smidovich Soviet Antichrist, CEO of anti-religious activity. His shadow on the wall of the office extends to Russian ground to put out the light, people lived twenty centuries.
Praying in a church near the Kremlin. Mostly women, as young men do not like to communicate with something religious.
The church was closed, but its priceless treasures icons and give reasons for its sokraneniya as an art gallery. Unfortunate circumstances, but it counteracts the atheistic huge poster on the right.
The hand of the fallen saint rises up as if asking the heavens, among the Holocaust created by Soviet anti-religious propaganda.
anti-religious museum. Poster informs German tourists that the struggle against religion is the struggle for socialism. Bishop grotesque figure used in a parody of Christianity, in a Moscow theater.
Women and men bathe almost together, but the first upstream and the latter below.
Carved wooden statue of Christ from the three abandoned churches. The dark spot on the central figure raised his hand - a place where peasants kissed her eyelids. "It is absurd and unsanitary" authorities say.
Jewish temples were desecrated as well as Christian, their altars are "eliminated". Here, a collection of Jewish sacred relics among other "superstitions" in the anti-religious museum.
Fantasy, Illusion, sverhestestvennoe allowed only in the Moscow Art Theater of Stanislavsky. Realism and the materialism of the important elements of the Bolshevik faith. A scene from the "blue bird" Maeterlinck.
In contrast to the capitalist entertainment, this picture is not offered on the scene fascinated the public and behind the scenes fascinated the photographer.
The old soldiers do not die ... if they were prisoners in Tsarist times, they go to rest in this luxurious home. Not all of them Communists, but they are veterans who dreamed, fought, to plot and throw bombs in tsarist times.
Famous Moscow Cabera, peasant house right now. He is always completely filled with this nice gesture Councils in relation to those farmers who adhere to the path of red (the other is not allowed).
If his horse wins, the young Soviet fan of horse racing can fulfill the dream of a national - bourgeois luxury eat to satiety.
PROHIBITED. Another bold image: her military and sentry-box! The building in the background - formerly the Palace of Catherine the Great, and then something like a harem for the king's officials, and now it houses the Academy of Military Aviation.
Roth red pilots, Russian shock troops at the parade in front of headquarters building. A corner room on the second floor was Napoleon's bedroom, when he visited Moscow in 1812.
ballroom Catherine the Great, the club now Air Force Academy. A pleasant place to relax after a day of intensive study Liberty engines.
This is not a soldier of the musical comedy, but Comrade Major Sumarokov, the only female pilot in the Red Army and the commander of the experimental station, which includes a battalion of pilots muzhkin.
PROHIBITED. This picture has caused another author's arrest. Why? Because photographed railway. Note the modern equipment ... hectic work ... prosperous, well-dressed children.
PROHIBITED. In the Donbass, one of the best automobile highway in Russia. Innocent photos, but verboten, because power pictures may find that they function not as powerful as we are trying to convince.
PROHIBITED. The queue for clothing. Photographer again risked his camera, the death neck and immortal soul, forbidden to capture the scene.
The peasants came to the open market with a small amount of food - potatoes. Unfortunately, the price was too high. Buyers are not found, so that the potatoes have gone back to the village.
When the famine in the country, children drop out first. Paternal government adopts them, educates and teaches the craft and makes them useful little Bolo.
While the peasants are starving, your foreign dignitaries eats very well ... especially if you sign a statement that did not see the hunger in the Donbass.
Lubyanka Square - forbidden picture. GPU officer was standing just to the left of the photo. They destroy the wall of China-town and destroyed would do everything, if not exchange the tourists who love to look at the old days.
PROHIBITED. GPU soldiers lined up near the Kremlin wall. In the background, a monument to John Reed, American Communist, who is buried next to Lenin.
White Kremlin elephants. The largest bell, and the biggest gun in the world. The first exhibit fell and broke before it rang. The second never shot because of design errors.
PROHIBITED. The funeral of Stalin's wife. On every rooftop snipers with rifles. The order was to shoot at the windows, if open. Author fifteen times risked his life by making 15 shots from the Grand Hotel.
The building of socialism means the destruction of a lot, whether it is the entire court of the famous Winter Palace in Leningrad (the following will be fine gate) or another sentenced church.
Sometimes, even the most convinced skeptic must take my hat off Bolo for first-class job. Ukrainian government building in Kharkov - a beautiful piece of architecture.
The campus in Moscow. Are they prepared for the exam, or lunch in the cafeteria of the University, the students are the same as everywhere else in the world.
The waitresses are studying his work in perfect restaurant mill. Young Komsomol teach children drama. Rural group brought to the city to celebrate May Day.
Moscow University Anthropological Museum boasts the largest collection of human skulls in the world. Employees of the museum cataloging troops another war.
The enemies of Five-Year Plan, from left to right. The top row - a bureaucrat, a man, a foreign journalist, a capitalist. Bottom row - a drunkard, a priest, a Menshevik, a military engineer. The new Russian machinery is moving forward under the banner of "sectarian destroy things."