Excursion to the missile cruiser "Varyag"
44th Red Banner Brigade anti-submarine ships of the Pacific Fleet Russia is located in the center of Vladivostok, close to the seaport, in front of the Navy Staff. In the wall of a row are four large anti-ship Project 1155. From these ships are sent on duty in the Gulf of Aden, which protects merchant vessels from pirates.
to the right of the four BOD stands floating hospital "Irtysh", and the left - the flagship of the Pacific Fleet Guards missile cruiser "Varyag".
Project 1164.1 missile cruiser "Red Ukraine" laid at the plant named after 61 Communards in Nikolayev July 31, 1979 (serial number 2010), November 5, 1982 enrolled in the lists of ships of the Soviet Navy, launched on 28 August 1983, he entered into operation December 25, 1989 and February 28, 1990 is included in the Pacific fleet. After the collapse of the USSR and the cruiser went to Russia in 1996 on the initiative of the ship's crew was named "Varyag" - in honor of the famous protected cruisers of the 1st Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy, a member of the battle at Chemulpo 1904
Main cruiser weapons - self-guided cruise missiles complex P-1000 "Volcano". Missile launchers SM-248 are located on the sides of the ship, look very impressive and it "Varyag" is easy to distinguish from other ships. Cruisers Project 1164 also called "killer of aircraft carriers' - in fact, for this purpose they were created.
Impressive missile scheme - after salvo from one side all eight missiles after opening the wings form a single group, "wolf pack" with the leader - alone flying missile, which leads the entire group on the target, adjust the rate for the remaining missiles, dropping them information. When approaching the target missile chooses the leading large object (aircraft carrier), sends him one of missiles with t. N. "Spetsboepripasov" and divides the rest among the other objects missiles "flock". All missiles include homing and strike at targets. The weight of one missile - almost five tons, speed of flight - about 2,900 km / h. Likely to stay afloat after being hit by a missile from a ship there is no enemy. If the lead time to bring down the rocket, in its place stands the other, is the same. The attack takes place without the participation of the crew under the "shot - forgot." It is interesting that all of this - the technology of the early 70-ies. What else to say? "Varyag" - a beautiful ship, a true flagship of the fleet.
Familiarity with the "Varyag" begins with a prose bags with cabbage and carrots. Beside BOD "Admiral Panteleyev" is going to march to the coast of Africa and loads to a supply of products.
In the long sea trips leaving and stocking all necessary seriously. This is only a small part of the drinking water, which is loaded into the holds of a warship.
The accompanying officer advised me not to use a mobile phone: "If your smartphone is better off and it can burn." I do not believe it, but in any case switched off. On the ship there is a full set of radar weapons complex MP-152 "Ring" for the detection of operating radio and radar stations, homing missiles of the enemy, their direction-finding and suppression. Maybe, in the officer's words, and there was a definite reason.
On the tank "Varyag" is worth the AK-130 - the ship's automatic gun. Shoots high-explosive shell with a speed of 90 rounds per minute and a range of up to 23 kilometers. Fully automatic - operates independently as long until the end of the ammunition. Say, it has no analogues in the world. That-that, and the fact that shooting we were able to do. With consumer goods had a problem, but the guns were always excellent. AK-130 - is no exception.
In the original ship ekskizah launchers was 12 (six per side) and two had a single-A-100 instead of a single dual guns. In 1972, Admiral Gorshkov ordered to add another four launchers for two full eight-rocket volley, and two AK-100 is replaced by a twin-barrel AK-130. The ship has become much harder, decreased speed and artillery ammunition (720 rounds against 2000).
In spite of the modern means of communication, the system of signal flags remained in the Navy for basic communication craft. On the Navy Russian Navy used a set of signals of the USSR. 32 Signal flags correspond to the letters of the Russian alphabet: Lead - "The course leads to the danger of" lives - "Give the average speed", J - "found a mine," etc. In this picture - a place signalman aboard the cruiser... The metal box are signal flags, which are raised on the vertical halyards on the yard as needed. To the left of the box - black "running balls," which represent the sea speed of the ship. The lower is the "ball" - the higher the speed. By the way, "Varyag" could go at a speed of 32 knots. When he goes as fast breaker at the stern - the height of ten meters.
"What is there Krasnenkoe turning blue?". On the wall - silhouettes of ships and aircraft of Russia and NATO countries. Tip for the signalman, who watches the world go by ship.
It's running the ship's cabin. Hence, it is operated under everyday conditions. Deck connected to combat information center CICS "Harvester 1164" commanding lift.
Place the commander of the cruiser "Varyag", Guard Captain 1st rank Eduard Moskalenko.
It really all reminiscent of the 70s. This reliably-iron. "Warm tube sound". I tried hard not to photograph anything secret, but go and make out, where is that.
"Tovs" - like the naval words. Jack, bitt, tweendeck, south-west, Cummings, stern-post, binnacle - all it smells salty sea winds and waves unspeakably.
Change dispersed to places of work. Kavtarangi puzzled: "To you this unclassified show?". We agreed on some screen №22. Renat sailor from Bashkiria sat on the operator's seat and began to press the button, turn on the monitor - to represent activity in the line of duty. It looked quite significantly.
The same Renat, nevovremya caught the eye of the officers revived a space ship's library, pretending that parses who came on the ship mail. good library. A small but everything is there. In general, the "Varyag" quite comfortable ship. Wardroom paneling, hang paintings, rugs on the floor. There is a pool with a waterfall, therapeutic showers, a large steam room and sauna. In residential air-conditioning cabins, the ship has four air cooling.
Walk on the cruiser - a long marches along the endless corridors and sudden descents and climbs a vertical ladder. In the fourth compartment, we all go down below, where the forecastle. Weapons, of course, interesting, but I wanted to see how the sailors lived on one of the most powerful cruisers in the world.
In the competition for the best screen cockpit can be seen, for example, that the cockpit №14, who scored a bolt on a match in December, was, apparently, a great star from commanders and then became advanced without dropping scores below the "four".
So rests night shift in the model is now cockpit №14. I have a couple of seconds, opened the door and took several pictures of the sleeping sailors.
In the neighboring cabin sailor wrote something important in the magazine. Next to him is screwed to the table cell with a parrot. The parrot was in place and rested.
The Holy of Holies missile cruiser - galley. The ceilings are low and the sailor with a rag in his hand, suggestive of order, went head bent, which made it kind of a sad figure. Nearby are two other sailors started opening cans a simple knife, for which he immediately received a scolding from the officers accompanying me. Everything must be perfect for someone else's eyes, I understand.
Ship kote - an indispensable accessory of any warship for rodent control. Or, as they say here, "proteins". Seals and vital cables in a metal sheath - these are the conditions of coexistence between humans and rodents. Cats on the ship a few, they give birth to one warhead. Cats cruiser "Varyag" are popular with guests in the different countries where the ship comes. Happens, they are presented - one of the ship's cat now lives in the Orthodox Church in Singapore. Mother, say, was happy to have such a gift. One was presented to the local admiral in Indonesia.
I wanted to take one lifebuoy on memory. The circle is not given, official.
We had lunch with the officers, and talked, and then moved into the working cabin, there is still talk. Did not want to leave, but time was running out - they have, I have. As he left, I took a few pictures on the deck of "Varyag" and on the beach.
I thought that on the cruiser's all right. At sea, walks, educational firing conducts. "Varyag" - a welcome guest in a foreign port, it queues of those wishing to take a tour of the ship. As the officers said: "Nearby is a French" Mistral "- to anyone, and to us - turn the whole pier, thirty thousand people come for a few days visit." It is seen as the sailors are proud of the "Varyag", his service. Called a hike - it is necessary to think, I'm not friends with pitching, although very desirable, of course. Because it is - now.