How to grow tobacco

• How to grow tobacco

How to grow tobacco

Tobacco plantations in Chilik district of Almaty province were founded during the time of the Union, when produced cigarettes "Kazakhstan", popular for its quality and flavor. Since then gave way to the factory, instead of Kazakh cigarettes, new brand and the plantations have continued to grow tobacco

How to grow tobacco

Tobacco seeds are usually sown in February and transplanting in the open ground is carried out in April-May (photo Malik Mahpirov)

How to grow tobacco

The variety of tobacco called "Nicotiana tabacum" (Nicotiana tabacum). Large plant with long leaves up to one and a half to two meters in height. Information for our readers name of the plant "nicotine" has occurred in the XVI century and was named after the French ambassador to Portugal, Jean Nicot, who introduced the use of the French court snuff

How to grow tobacco

Collect the first tobacco leaves from mid-July until the end of August, when the leaves begin to turn yellow. On one bush is from 12 to 18 leaves, which are harvested manually, starting from the bottom. Bush with broken lower leaves continue to grow for several days in order to have time to develop the remaining leaves. Then removed middle leaves, and a few days later, the uppermost - they receive the most intense and juicy

How to grow tobacco

In order to avoid absorption of tobacco tar in the skin, the workers wear gloves and closed clothes

How to grow tobacco

is disadvantageous to remove the leaves in early or very green state, as they are long and dry raw material turns rough, which impairs their commercial quality

How to grow tobacco

In the plantation area of ​​6 hectares per breaking is going to about a ton of raw material

How to grow tobacco

A leaf bag weighs 30-45 kg

How to grow tobacco

First, collect all the bags under a canopy, then spread out leaves and begin the next stage - a bundle

How to grow tobacco How to grow tobacco

The most long and tedious step is just stringing the leaves

How to grow tobacco

One day a worker stringing cords 20-25

How to grow tobacco

During the six months of continuous work he can earn between 1,000 and 1,500 dollars. Work on tobacco plantations mostly residents of Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, who specially come in the season to work. According to unofficial data of 4 to 30 thousand people

How to grow tobacco

But even when they are legally in Kazakhstan, to talk about themselves, they do not hurry - there is no need once again to remind yourself of the migration police. In addition, the press did not cease scandals of child labor in tobacco farming

How to grow tobacco

hands blackened with tobacco resin. In addition, there is a so-called "green tobacco sickness", when due to the nicotine is absorbed into the skin appears dizziness, headache, red rash and nausea

How to grow tobacco

But for the plantation workers - this is the only way to make money, so these "little things" do not pay attention

How to grow tobacco

After the tobacco leaves are collected in a garland, they are hung outdoors to dry

How to grow tobacco How to grow tobacco

In good weather the leaves dried two or three days

How to grow tobacco

Rainy weather spoils the tobacco leaves are beginning to turn black

How to grow tobacco

overripe and nedospevshie tobacco leaves give the worst qualities of smoking. The most higher grade is considered to be a light-yellow leaves

How to grow tobacco

Red-brown hue - the second grade, with a touch of blue-green - the third, black and green - the fourth and the lowest grade - green

How to grow tobacco

In addition to the harm tobacco can carry and use. Tobacco oil produced from tobacco flowers, regulates the recovery of the body through the skin cells in severe forms of psoriasis

How to grow tobacco

of the oil production technology has been developed in Kazakhstan, an expert on plants and inventor Alla Nikolayevna Chebotovoy