Religious skyscrapers

Ten skyscrapers, which in the opinion of KPF set the tone for the construction of ultrahigh buildings.

Religious skyscrapers

In the early 20th century skyscraper called building only ten stories, for example, 42-meter-high office of the insurance company in the Chigaga. On the world of mid-2011 there were about 2500 buildings, exceeding the threshold of 150 meters. The boom in high-rise construction began after the construction Empire State Building in the distant 1931st.

Creating such a structure in engineering equivalent to such events in science, like breaking the sound barrier in aviation or the appearance of an electron microscope for biology.

We offer you ten iconic skyscrapers that chose Eugene Kohn (Eugene Kohn), the founder of one of the largest architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates (KPF), and director of KPF Michael Green (Michael Greene).

1. Empire State Building

Religious skyscrapers

New York, USA

Height: 437 meters

Project cost: $ 41 million

End of construction: 1931

Religious skyscrapers

is a curious fact: the construction of a 102-story skyscraper took only one year and 45 days, or 7 million man-hours, which is unbeaten so far a record for a building of such height.

2. The headquarters of the Central Chinese Television (CCTV)

Religious skyscrapers

Beijing, China

Height: 234 meters

Project cost: $ 600 million Completion of construction: January 2008

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: the construction of six horizontal and vertical sections, connected continuously, expresses the idea of ​​ever-flowing chi energy to each other. As conceived by the architects, the structure is closed by circulation "life force."

3. The headquarters at Commerzbank

Religious skyscrapers

Frankfurt, Germany

Height: 300 meters

Project cost: $ 414 million

End of construction: 1997

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: the tower became the world's first high-rise building, erected on the "green" technologies. As a result, energy consumption has been reduced by 30 percent, compared with the design calculations. In addition, in the construction instead of concrete elements began to use steel bars, which is the next step in the construction of skyscrapers.

4. Bitexco Financial Tower

Religious skyscrapers

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Height: 262 meters

Project cost: $ 220 million

End of construction: October 2010

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: the pride of the tower is a helipad located on the 50th floor of the building, and one of the world's fastest elevators that can travel at speeds of up to 7 meters per second.

5. The Bank of China Tower (BOC Tower)

Religious skyscrapers

Hong Kong, China

Height: 305 meters

Project cost: $ 150 million

Completion of construction: May 1990

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: at the stage of the bank's building design were not invited to consult Feng Shui masters, which was a violation of the unwritten canons of Chinese construction. However, under public pressure, the chief architect of Yong Ming Pei (Ieoh Ming Pei) still made the necessary changes in the final plan. The main feature of the tower began to form, varying from level to level. Outside construction covered tinted mirror elements to further emphasize the unusual design of a futuristic skyscraper.

6. Riyad Kingdom Center

Religious skyscrapers

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Height: 302 meters

The project cost 452 million dollars

End of construction: 2002

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: the building received a prestigious prize "Emporis Skyscraper Award" in 2002 for great design and functionality, but in the people a hole in the top of the skyscraper is a comparison not only with the usual form of a shovel or a bottle opener.

7. Hotel and Casino Grand Lisboa

Religious skyscrapers

Macau, China

Height: 261 meters

Project cost: $ 385 million

End of construction: 2008

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: the symbol of Macau, bearing the title of the eastern Las Vegas, was the Grand Lisboa hotel in the form of a giant flower, standing on a pedestal. On the upper floors in the same casino is the Star of Stanley Ho (Star of Stanley Ho), one of the world's largest diamond - 218.08 carats.

Religious skyscrapers

8. The Bahrain World Trade Center (Bahrain World Trade Center)

Religious skyscrapers

Manama, Bahrain

Height: 240 meters

Project cost: $ 150 million

End of construction: 2008

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: in the construction of towers for the first time wind turbines have been applied in the world. The turbines are designed to produce up to 15 percent of the energy needed for normal functioning of the complex.

Religious skyscrapers

9. Burj Khalifa (Burj Khalifa)

Religious skyscrapers

Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Height: 828 meters

Cost of the project: 1, 5 billion dollars

Completion of construction: January 2009

Religious skyscrapers

A curious fact: the tower is more than two times higher than the Empire State Building in New York and is the tallest building in the history of mankind.

10. The Petronas Twin Towers (Petronas Twin Towers)

Religious skyscrapers

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Height: 452 meters

Cost of the project: 1, 6 billion

Construction completion: June 1996

A curious fact: the building designed to reflect the state religion of Malaysia - Islam. In addition, towers are connected to the highest in the world decker bridge located at the level of floor 41.