Strategic bombers at the airbase in Engels
• Strategic bombers at the airbase in Engels
From the outset, canter did not develop. Plans and activities nalezaet one another and did not want to be evenly distributed. One had the feeling that it was necessary to simply give up on the idea.
But damn much I wanted to go on the air base, where deployed heavy bomber regiment! I had to sacrifice their plans and failed to squeeze them tight time frame ...
And it was worth it. It was my best round of a military base, and can not for the photos, but the impressions - for sure!
to purchase in some horrible shop products, in the first hour of the night, we left and went to Moscow to Saratov. For a long time there was rain. After Penza, when it was dawn, we had no doubt that today, all someone would take off ...
Alternately changing rudders to 10 am we have already crossed the Volga and drove in Engels. Here, our tests have ended - in the sky there was not a cloud, it was warm, and somewhere in the distance already heard a pleasant rumbling most powerful turboprop engines in the world ...
We were the first bloggers, who have reached this airbase. We were first introduced to the commander of the air base - Colonel Kostyunina Dmitry Leonidovich.
- Guys, take your interview, ask questions, which you have.
We looked at each other, shrugged their shoulders.
- Yes, we would quickly see the planes on ...
The commander smiled knowingly and wished us luck. Later we saw him on the Il-78 tanker - Dmitry Leonidovich is also involved in training flights.
Tu-95 MS, a mobile power plant and the Opel Astra, which we arrived, and it is moved on the apron and taxiway.
Tu-95 MS - turboprop strategic bomber-rocket carrier, the fastest plane spiral, which became one of the symbols of the Cold War. Unique in the world put into service and is serially produced turboprop bomber. Designed to engage cruise missiles important objects in the rear of the enemy at any time and under any weather conditions.
July 30, 2010, set a world record for non-stop flight to the aircraft in its class, while during this time the bombers flew about 30 thousand kilometers, over three oceans, and four times to refuel in the air.
Tu-95 MS, constituting the backbone of the Russian strategic aviation, it is a carrier of cruise missiles X-55.
at each engine uses two coaxial metal four-blade propeller.
In the tail of the aircraft is the commander of the firing installation - the twin-barrel aircraft cannon GS-23. Effective firing range bullets caliber 23h115 mm - 2 km.
Continuing the tradition started in the domestic aviation in the 30s, some planes are assigned their own names. Tu-160 is named in honor of the Heroes of the Soviet Union and the people who are directly related to the long-range aviation, Tu-95 MS - after cities.
Preparation of aircraft for departure.
The cockpit of the Tu-95 MS.
The crew of 7 people is located in the two pressurized cabin. Ejection seats not provided for the crew. If necessary, the emergency evacuation of the airplane through hatches.
Tu-95 went into the series with engines NK-12, which are still the most powerful turboprop engines in the world. Coaxial screws with variable pitch have a diameter of 5 to 6 meters - it is more than the diameter of a standard single-track tunnels of the Moscow metro.
The high power of the engine (15,000 hp..) And screw design determines its unprecedented noise - Tu-95 is one of the noisiest aircraft in the world and even pinpoint the sonar systems of submarines, but this is not critical when applying rocket nuclear strikes.
In contrast to the 90s, when warplanes flew mostly only on holidays, is now on the air base in Engels training flights take place 2-3 times a week.
We got to a flight change, during which were worked off and landing, air refueling Tu-160 and Tu-95 MS of the tanker aircraft IL-78, and also carries out training flights for the long route over Russian territory.
The first missile flies reconnaissance weather. He does circled the airport within a radius of 300 km.
Prepare for takeoff Tu-95 MS. Take-off field spreads a pleasant hum turboprop engines. Included nasal projectors are designed to scare birds nepugannyh who see two lights for the eyes of a predator.
When such a machine takes off, flying dozens of meters away from you, there is a children's enthusiasm and sincere, that I want to scream and jump for joy. This photo does not convey.
Ready for takeoff IL-78. Currently it is the only specialized type of aircraft-tankers in service with the Russian Air Force.
It is surprising that such a large object flies, but still carry up to 90 tons of cargo!
The nail of the program - a supersonic strategic bomber-bomber with variable sweep wing Tu-160.
Flight characteristics of the aircraft:
- Speed limit on height: 2 230 km / h
- Cruising speed: 917 km / h
- Maximum range without refueling: 13950 km
- Combat radius: 6000 km
- Flight duration: 25 hours
- Ceiling: 15,000 m
- Rate of climb: 4400 m / min
The aircraft engine 4 NC-32 - three-shaft turbojet engine afterburner general. Total power afterburner more than 100 000 liters. from.
Russian pilots nicknamed the plane "white swan" for his reliability, beauty and grace. Americans have given it another name - "Black Diamonds" - for his invulnerability for air defense systems and the ability to cause a sudden blow.
Since 1984, it produced 35 aircraft. The cost of one unit of about 7, 5 billion rubles.
At partial load the plane takes off easily without afterburner.
Tu-160 is the largest in the history of supersonic military aviation aircraft and aircraft wing with variable geometry, most powerful and heavy combat plane in the world, has the largest among bomber maximum take-off weight and combat load.
After the aircraft climbed into the air and left for a long training flights route dozaparvkoy in the air (e.g. the North Pole or the far Siberia), we went for refueling a local canteen.
The best military dining room where I have ever been! Lunch costs 110 rubles.
After dinner we went to the Museum of long-range aviation.
Toward the evening began to return to the first planes.
Normal takeoff weight is comparable to the take-off mass 9 71-619KT trams.
After each flight crew meets the technical flight crew and receives instructions to work on the plane. Maybe something must be corrected or eliminated immediately, because these planes - complex aircraft systems, avionics stuffed. In preparing the aircraft for take-off is involved up to 30 people ground specialists.
Sometimes the flights on air patrols carried out in neutral airspace. In such cases, our planes often accompany interceptors NATO. Squadron commander Alexander Khabarov says that sometimes other people's planes come too close ( "lie down on the wing"), while our pilots include afterburner, leaving at supersonic and bomber flying away from the fighters. NATO pilots are very frustrated, because their fighters installed additional fuel tanks, and they can not leave at supersonic speed and keep up with the White Swan.
Returning TU-95 MS.
As the sun set over the horizon, we got into our Astra and the night went back to Moscow.
Two photographs from the air parade in Moscow in 2010.