How to build locomotives
• How to build locomotives
I was able to visit the Kolomna Plant, the oldest engineering company in Russia, where I was shown how to build a modern diesel and electric locomotives.
In 1863, when the railway line Moscow-Saratov has reached Kolomna, a military engineer Armand Egorovich Struve got a contract to build a bridge across the Oka River and built for this purpose on the left bank of temporary workshops.
Thus began one of the largest engineering companies in Russia. The first period of its existence the plant specialized in the construction of bridges. Previously, such designs were purchased abroad.
In 1865 it began the construction of wagons for the railways, and in 1869 came the first Russian locomotive cargo from the factory gate. Before the revolution, the factory has been one of the leading manufacturers of locomotives. In the future, the production of ships, diesel engines, in the 20-ies of XX century began the production of agricultural machinery and trams (famous "BF") was utilized at the plant.
In 1930 he released the first Soviet locomotive, and in 1932 began production of electric overhead lines and PB. In the 30th years the factory produced as boards and sinking tyubigi for Metro. Back in the 30s here 3 submarines "Pike" was released. In wartime factory, like many machine-building enterprises of the USSR, he produced military equipment, ammunition, armored trains and tanks. After the war, the factory produced the most massive freight locomotive "L", designed by chief designer LS Lebedyansky plant.
Among the well-known and most popular locomotives produced at the Kolomna plant - passenger locomotives TEP60 TEP70 and still in use on the railways of Russia and the former Soviet Union.
Improved TEP70 modifications are now the main rolling stock, produced in the factory. Besides them tep80 locomotive was developed in 1993, a prototype of which set a world speed record for diesel locomotives, speeding up to 271 km / h.
And in 1997, was designed by electric locomotive EP200, designed for a maximum speed of 250 km / h, is the first domestic high-speed locomotive. Unfortunately, due to the economic crisis of the 90's, both of these projects has not gone into production.
Now the main products of the plant are the Kolomna diesel engines and power plants for various purposes, EP2K electric locomotives, diesel locomotives TEP70BS, TEP70 and 2TE70. That locomotive is the purpose of my Photo-journeys on the Kolomna plant.
First we went to the shop, where they make parts for locomotives future This is one of the oldest buildings of the plant that has survived to the present day. Year of construction - 1863.
stand, illustrating the history of the plant.
laser cutting machine in which the parts are made of different shape.
The remote machine control: English interface - like Windows.
This is how the laser cutting of workpieces. Metal, by eye, 4-5 millimeter, cuts quickly enough.
Transfer lift blanks.
Press brakes CNC: here are manufactured parts with a lot of bends in different planes.
Something establishing the mechanism of the machine.
When all the parts are ready, time to gather them together: here, for example, the body of the locomotive TEP70.
In the next workshop make the chassis of the locomotive.
The machine is operated by working in the previous frame.
Made a new frame with the chips! :)
Note the floors in the shops: sometimes they are covered with metal tiles of various shapes.
In another shop like this.
And we went to the shop where the final assembly, painting and locomotive equipment. By the way, the plant area is so large (124 hectare), that it is more convenient to get around by car. A total length of the internal factory of tracks over a hundred kilometers. (Picture to change the plan)
TGM6A Shunting diesel locomotive transports body EP2K in the assembly shop.
Diesel TEP70BS 158 before painting.
EP2K 126. Installation of the chassis.
And in this part of the shop check the electrical locomotives.
There is a stand with a segment of a contact network, which can be submitted 3,000 volts direct current or 27,000-volt AC, depending on what type of electric need to be tested.
Electric EP2K works from 3000 volts DC.
In the cockpit of the new EP2K.
The engine room.
Type: passenger electric
Current: DC, 3000
Power: 4800 kW (6437 hp.).
Axial formula: 3o-3o
Speed: 160 km / h
Type: passenger locomotive
Power: 2942 kW (4000 hp.).
Axial formula: 3o-3o
Speed: 160 km / h