Animals Tangkoko National Park in Indonesia
• Animals Tangkoko National Park in Indonesia
The northern tip of Sulawesi is not the most wild and unspoiled places in the Indonesian archipelago, however, the slopes of the surrounding volcanoes abundantly covered with jungle and animal life is rich and varied.
The island of Sulawesi is mountainous and dotted with volcanoes, literally, most of them are dormant, but there are also active. Tangkoko volcano, which is in the north of Manado area, famous for the fact that in the early 20th century in the area identified the environmental area, and eventually transformed the area into a national park. Place well visited as a complement to dive hotel located in Limbe, Bunaken.
The fauna of these places goes back thousands of species, but there are a few animals that are a kind of calling card of these places. The most memorable meeting was with an exotic view of the order of primates - Eastern tarsier (Tarsius spectrum), it can be said to our ancestors, who stole the evolution of the way of habitual eye Sukhonos simian primates and shriveled to the size of some myshepodobnoy maloholnye monkey.
These tarsiers or Tarsier (Tarsier), as they are called in the English style, so unusually small that all the pictures he had seen before, seem to be made with some kind of tarsier-akseleratov. In fact, the tarsier fit on the female palm, its size in the wild, about 10 cm on average.
Of particular interest was to find a tarsier in the wild, it certainly is not easy to do on your own in one visit, so you should take advantage of the ranger service - the employee of the park. He knows all the surrounding trees, where they live little family tarsiers, and after several minutes of vigorous walk, you will already have goals.
The general principle is that tarsiers - animals at night, so during the day, they sleep and hide in the trunks of trees. And their safe habitat - trees with hollows inside, most often it is the former tree is wrapped ficus-strangler. He became the outer layer, and releasing air roots, literally absorbed the old tree, having an internal cavity full height. These voids and roost tarsiers, leaving in the evening, sometime after 17:00 local time, forcing himself to watch in the dark.
The observation of wild Tarsier in the dark jungles of Indonesia never recalls meeting with his counterparts at the zoo Bohol island in the Philippines. If they are there around the clock sitting on the bush, ochumevshie daylight and constant attention of visitors, it's the Tarsier are generally hearty and alert, just not shown and do not recognize the extended family. Watching them is still possible, but in a good shoot - hard. We have to move around the ficus, one hand vytselivat second korrektiruesh pilot lamp (t. To. The darkness is complete), so still and mosquitoes flock from all neighborhoods. So, arching his back and stood on one knee, take pictures, thinking of the forgotten in the hotel mosquito repellents, as well as remembering what color to map the spread of malaria colored in the area of Indonesia.
What is truly impressive - it Tarsier eyes, they have huge relative to body size, each eye is greater than its size primate brain. To the surprise of the eye is not a saint in the dark, as the Tarsier, unlike many nocturnal animals, such as cats, fundus poorly covered in reflective jacket (tapetum), and does not reflect light. Their tunnel-like large ears to help cool to hunt at night, adding to the arsenal of nocturnal predators.
They also have very strong legs, each of which has five movable fingers with long claws. Using these primates moving tree trunks, roots, vines and generally feel confident on vertical surfaces. Little awkwardness attached to the presence of a slightly long bushy tail, its size almost 2-3 times longer than the primate.
To tarsiers imbued with an interest in your presence, you need to apply a cunning maneuver - to intensify their feeding behavior. To do this, the Ranger has grasshoppers local flood, he previously has caught them and brought in a transparent plastic bottle. Grasshopper resting on a tree trunk can be seen as Tarsier animated and begin to creep up on breakfast. These predators prefer insects.
Here is where the top of both ropes down those braver and not paying attention to the people, begin vytselivat prey, twisting his ear and further expand their bottomless eyes.
So the distance approaches, and should be lightning fast jump. These primates - exceptional jumpers, able to jump at a distance of 10-20 times higher than its growth - seeing as they jump you might think that this is some kind of frog with wool. The style of movement on level ground almost like a kangaroo, jumping, too, pushing with its hind legs and holding the front in front of him.
Jumping is not only long, but soon - bat an eye and a grasshopper and has not only satisfied Tarsier loud crunching prey somewhere in the branches. Being predators that radically distinguishes them from all other apes, they have sharp teeth and do not eat fruits and vegetables. Such are the unique animals living on the islands of Indonesia and the Philippines, for today the representatives of this species in danger of extinction, all remain in the wild a few thousand tarsiers.
Another unique species of primates inhabit the island of Sulawesi region - it Celebes Crested Macaque (Celebes Crested Macaque Nirga), carbon black monkeys, large size (weight 5.10 kg), live in colonies of 20-30 monkeys and have a life expectancy of about 25 years.
This is the Pope, all the men of this type of an average of two times more than females. The nat area. The park has a small reserve where German scientists studying baboons in conditions as close to nature, but in addition to this jungle surrounding islands inhabited by a population of more than ten thousand monkeys.
And here is the mother to the baby. A long tuft of hair on his forehead - the hallmark of the form, along with a short tail and elongated snout hairless. Up to a year low all the time next to my mother.
Can people not descended from monkeys, but the more I see monkeys, the more it seems that for ten million years ago, my ancestors were more likely to look like this. What is not a young family?
In the jungle with some luck you can also see a representative of the Australian fauna, traditionally living east of the Uolessa - a knobbed marsupial couscous (or possum), he is very hairy and looked like a bear, so it is even called Bear Cuscus (Ailurops ursinus) . Leading arboreal lifestyle, sleeping and eating in the same place, on the ground does not like to go down.
Any jungle can boast of hundreds of species of colorful birds and hour walk through the woods necessarily allow you to see a few dozen birds, large, for example, the province character - hornbill knobbed hornbill (Aceros cassidix). Colorful instance. Males above the beak noticeable red outgrowth.
or smaller, but no less colorful tropical kingfishers, pictured knobbed forest kingfisher (Ceyx fallax). Having a strong massive beak allows them to catch frogs and even fish in the rivers.
No damp and tropical forests are not without meeting with snakes, they are on a kind of exotic and unusual bright. In the picture a medium-sized Temple keffiyeh (Tropidolaemus wagleri), is immediately obvious - it is poisonous instance - the head of a diamond stands out from the body (non-toxic does not have this transition), narrow vertical pupil (nonpoisonous has round pupils for the most part). Day of rest and such snakes are not dangerous, they are active at night.
And finally, a bit of exotic flora - absolutely unreal and giant tropical flower - konjac (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius), growing from the tuber in the soil (like potatoes). Sizes from half a meter to two meters (single species), with a noticeable inflorescence and specific odor, attracts many insects.