Olympic Village Secrets
• Secrets of the Olympic village
When remember about the Olympic Village in Berlin, do not forget to mention the National Socialists and Hitler. After all, this village was the basis not only for the training of athletes in 1936 Olympics year, but also is a training camp of the Wehrmacht, the armed forces of Nazi Germany.
In this article I will tell about the history and purpose of the creation of the Olympic village, we will visit the whole area, and I'll show you all the abandoned buildings.
Opinions about this village may be different. To do this, first of all, you must realize that all the same it represents the 1936 Olympics. Can we consider the Olympics-1936 global sporting event in the usual sense? Or the Olympic Games have served as propaganda for the Nazis?
The decision to hold major sporting event in Berlin in 1936 was made in 1931. At that time, namely, during the Weimar Republic, no one had any thoughts, and how powerful propaganda tool will get the successor of Hindenburg. Shortly before Hitler came to power, namely in January 1933, the National Olympic Committee, under the direction of Karl Dima (it. Carl Diem) was formed. It was he, according to the new party program of Hitler, was instructed to erase the boundary between sport and the army. Studying the experience of American colleagues, who built the Olympic Village for the Games in 1932 in Los Angeles, Carl Diem with Oberst Reichenau (it. Walter von Reichenau) decided to build a facility that will be in all respects superior to the American one. In the end, they came to the options that will allow to combine the Olympic village and a military training center.
After Hitler acquainted with this idea, he gave the order to form a school of the Army. And during the Olympic Games in 1936, this territory could be rent by the Olympic Village. Even then, Hitler and Goebbels decided that such an event should be used for propaganda.
have found a suitable area near the town of Elstal (it. Elstal), around which already housed the military facilities and barracks.
unusual landscape has been specially developed for the Olympic Village. For this has been moved hundreds of thousands of cubic meters of earth have been transplanted trees, and created an artificial pond. In the end, this special landscape was presented as natural. So, given the circumstances, the nature itself to assist in the creation of the landscape, which is similar to the geographical landscape and topography of the whole of Germany.
In the territory of the Olympic Village, objects such as were erected: a home for "athletes", "dining Nations", office buildings and sports buildings. All the buildings have names that correspond to the location of the city. For example: in the north: the house, "Hamburg", "Bremen", "Stralsund". In the south, "Constance," "Munich" and others.
We can say that the entire Olympic Village is essentially characterized Germany (in a nutshell). At the same time, we note that it was created by nature itself. That is how Goebbels was represented by this object around the world.
It is interesting that in the euphoria caused by the Olympic Games, there were almost no people who are at least more or less suspected political intrigue in this story. The participants invited guests from all over the world who are on the open day was about 400 thousand, do not understand what is in the concentration of military installations and under the watchful supervision. The course of the party was perfect.
After the Games, as planned, in the area housed a school and the Army Training Center of the Wehrmacht (until 1945).
From 1945 to 1992 he lived here the Soviet military and their families. The 60th trained GDR athletes.
After the 45th, many houses have been dismantled due to the shortage of building materials for the more important military and residential properties.
The interesting point. This Olympic village was built just for men. Of the 4400 athletes participating in the Olympics in 1936, women were only about 330. They were settled near the main stadium and it was impossible to train in their spare time. Such questionable rules came from the International Olympic Committee, headed by Coubertin.
We go further on the territory.
A few more frames out of the gym.
A feature of the glass wall constructions are lifting devices, opening lower section.
Let the pool.
"Dining Nations" (it. Speisehaus der Nationen).
It is constructed in the form of lenses. Geographically building arranged such that the lens is "looking" in the direction of the Olympic Stadium, located approximately 20 kilometers from villages.
Office layout inside is also not accidental. The architect planned the building in such a way that if necessary it can be quickly transformed into a hospital. I recall the years of construction of this building - mid thirties.
In the courtyard.
Gindenburghauz (it. Hindenburghaus).
When a cultural venue.
Flooring in the building chosen by chance. Due to the relief of military boots (non-athletes) should not have to slide.
Some more details:
So the athletes lived during the Games.
In the days of the GDR in the territory of a village built conventional houses. Now they are in a derelict state.
Foundation of the German Credit Bank (it. DKB-Stiftung) in 2005 acquired an area of 55 hectares. Only thanks to funding was possible to keep the building and organization of professional excursions. Land use for commercial purposes is not planned.