How did the special effects in "Terminator 2"
He is back. Although after the resounding box office success of the first "Terminator" in another way it could not be. At this time, Hollywood bosses did not stint, issuing the most expensive film at that time. Budget - more than $ 100 million (about $ 175 million adjusted for inflation) - almost 13 times greater than that of the first part, 300 kilometers of film, 200 weapons, advanced graphics. "Terminator 2: Judgment Day" was one of the rare examples of how to make smart and spectacular continuation of the cult film.
By the way, we recommend you see a special extended version of the picture. It is longer than 20 minutes on a roll and includes a series of episodes that complement the film. Among them, for example, you can see how Sarah Connor almost killed T-800/101 is almost at the very beginning of the tape as of the formidable T-1000 had a good laugh two little girls (and what came of it), and what eventually happened to the alternative the history of the "Terminator".
We now tell you what the team of James Cameron has spent hundreds of millions of dollars, why use old techniques from the first film about a cyborg assassin from the future, as well as the important role in the filming of "Judgment Day" and creating the image of the T-1000 played condom.
The film, which many are not without reason, is considered one of the most spectacular in the history of cinema, was shot over three and a half months, the crew of a few hundred people, and to bring the picture to mind it took almost another year and a half. Much of the staff has worked on the visual component of the film. Thus, the only computer effects involving "liquid" terminator their forces spent almost 40 people. The results of their efforts have taken on the screen only 3 minutes of time, but what were the moments! All in all meticulous experts counted in the second "Terminator" 300 effects the overall timing of the order of 15 minutes.
"Judgment Day" is surprising in that it is incomprehensible combines scenes with computer and on location. I bet - many people still believe in the "virtual" origin of many of the scenes, but in fact we are dealing with masterfully crafted dolls. Yes, in "Terminator 2" is also full of dummies, but they are made at a much higher level than the first film. Take, for example, present in the director's version of the episode with the extraction of the head T-800 chip and then reprogramming it for training (just and necessary that you click the toggle switch!). Robot is sitting quietly in a chair in front of a mirror, and Sarah Connor picks in his head. The frame is constructed in such a way that we see the effect of both on the back of "real" characters, and using the reflection in the mirror. Terribly naturalistic scene: much as the foreground heroine boldly picks his head Arnie, whose reflection in the mirror at the same time behaves like a real actor. The trick is that no mirror there, and "reflection" - is the real Schwarzenegger sitting face-to-dummy. How to be with Linda Hamilton, who played the main character? Oh, it is something real that in one case, that in the other. Fortunately the crew, the actress has a twin sister, Leslie, that she repeats the motion of Linda. Needless to say, that testing of synchronous movements in the two ladies left plenty of time.
The same episode with the extraction of the chip shows how skillfully put the camera as carefully planned every frame. Something that may destroy the illusion of reality, so skillfully hide the fact that you will not have the slightest doubt. This is all the vaunted corrosiveness James Cameron, who even before filming began to plan how it will look every scene, with a view to show what is happening in camera that will say in a certain moment the actors and so on. D. The director personally drew hundreds of sketches and all the big scenes first simulated in a specially built for the occasion of miniature locations, in exactly the same place where the action is the action of the film.
In addition to Leslie and Linda Hamilton in "Judgment Day" was a place a couple of twins. Probably remember "the loony bin" and one of its guards - chubby man who likes to drink coffee and last time in my life is happy "full house" on a cardboard cup. It took the form of a hapless fat T-1000 with schizophrenic expression - not the result of special effects, and the brother of actor. Soon here we see another gorgeous mannequin - strung on a finger-blade head poor. Oh, not for nothing that the picture "adult" rating R.
By the way, about dolls. Their second "Terminator" a huge amount, and everything alive, even those who embody the liquid-metal evil in the name of T-1000. Remember incident chase in the same mental hospital: "Mother and Child" are hidden behind a flap lift runs behind them, taking in the back dozens of bullets, "good" robot, the doors are closed, but they were immediately reveals its claws villain from the future. Arnie hero finds nothing better to do than scoundrel palnut from the hard drive in the head. It then splits and moves his metal "spikes". Similar to computer graphics, and in fact - silicone mannequin with servos. These dolls were used in creating the T-1000 with a bullet through the "face" and in the end, when Arnie using a grenade launcher makes mercury cyborg squealing mass just before it falls into the molten metal. Puppet version of the cyborg as you can see in the scene with liquid nitrogen: bluish figure in surprise frozen on the face was made of brittle material, very effectively broken down into small pieces.
Schwarzenegger also lucky with artificial doubles. In addition to the mentioned head chip impressive dummy was used in an episode of the office "Kiberdayn Systems", which is taken in head to destroy a gang of our heroes. Doll comes when the building to bring order to the police burst into the room and throw gas cylinders: T-800 rushing ahead on the custody order, bacon and those of his lead. The robot flying lumps of all the smoke, the site of the right half of his face gleaming metal. In this case, too, expertly applied alternating filming of the actor (he explodes hidden "firecrackers" in a jacket that simulate bullets hit) and a full-size dummy, which was run by two people - one "led" him on the ground, the second moved his head.
Even for Sarah Connor had to make dummies, and she got the most hideous. All of them were burned at the scene where John Connor's mother dreaming of a nuclear explosion. One doll is trying to protect the future savior of mankind from the devouring flame burned two more near the lattice. Fourth mannequin shatters into small pieces, exposing the skeleton. On the skeleton dolls to stick pieces of papier-mache, and then "stripped" them with a special air gun, fixing all with a slow-motion. It was very naturalistic.
dolls, and went to the "Terminator 2", not least because of the incredible for the time of computer special effects. The episode with the release of "liquid" T-1000 from the blazing truck and robot transformation into a human for a long time was a model of excellence virtual wizards, while the screens did not come out the first "Matrix". Many went to the movies just for the sake of this and several other scenes involving the main villain.
For the fact that the audience is literally jaw-dropping, responsible founded by George Lucas special effects studio Industrial Light & Magic. The creation of a few minutes of computer graphics has taken almost $ 10 million based on the current exchange rate and thousands of man-hours.
For nearby shooting scene in a yield of burning car Robert Patrick, who played T-1000, it was necessary to wind the naked kilometers before the cameras, captures the whole of its movement by a special grid applied to the body. When accumulated enough material specialists weeks was applied to the resulting virtual model metal texture. At the junction of different textures, covered the virtual body of the actor, at first looked through the slit. For their disguise had to use a specially written program, hastily correcting some flaws in Photoshop. The work was extremely time-consuming, experts had to consider the location of the cameras during filming, environment, shadows, different light sources, and anything else that could affect the appearance of the environment reflected in the metal environment.
The same job done in the scene with the T-1000, chasing the car in the garage. Flowing into the lift and helicopter stringy Terminator was created thanks to the software that was used earlier in the movie "The Abyss", filmed by James Cameron, two years before the release of "Judgment Day".
But the "wounds" of bullets on the latest generation of the robot body made without a computer. The actor wore special vests with a cocked on springs "roses" of foam rubber. As soon as the T-1000 was to get a bullet, Assistant remotely activated the spring - the "hole" of the shot disclosed. Instead, tighten all the wounds had to with the help of computer animation. Without it also has not been in a fragment of a Terminator infiltration through the grate in the hallway of a mental hospital. The room was filmed like a grid, and without it. In the second case, on the site of the lattice was playing robot actor. Created on the computer three-dimensional model of cyborg superimposed on an image of Robert Patrick and "leaked" through the bars.
The director was willing to go to great lengths to impress the audience, even if it is a very tiny episode that easily can literally be missed. The last quarter of the film, on "Kiberdayn Systems" loitering helicopter T-1000 jumps into it with a motorcycle breaks the glass and spills over into the booth, and then the metal cyborg incarnation for some seconds the pilot says to the phrase address "Get out". To remove the face of the Terminator in his short time pronouncing the two words, the person Robert Patrick painted into the net, the actor himself had several times to repeat individual sounds, and the whole process of the slightest changes in facial muscles were fixed with a special three-dimensional scanner. This was followed by laborious work on bonding individual frames and texturing.
Perhaps the easiest while working on the image of T-1000 was the re-creation of his "flow" during thawing. The film crew just hairdryers herded into a puddle of mercury several "blobs".
Not less attention than the dummies and computer special effects, given in the film stunts. One of the most impressive scenes - episode chase T-1000 in a truck to get away for a moped John. During the filming had to be split three vans. One out of order immediately after it flew over the fence into the channel, so that in the pursuit involving two other cars. Another one blows the roof of the car under the arch. They say that originally was not planned anything, but when Cameron learned too low bridge, decided not wise and even more mangle truck.
In order not to distract performing the role of the T-1000 is an actor, he was not entrusted with management of the wagon. In fact, Robert Patrick for false driving sitting on the right and on the driver's seat hides an experienced stuntman, who directs the entire edifice. Then desired frames flip, so it seems that the left side of the driver's seat is actually a cyborg.
In the channel on "Harley" behind a truck jumps T-800. Here Arnold Schwarzenegger replaced the understudy, motorcycle and at all will not jump - it gradually lowered on ropes. The ropes were then removed using a computer, with the help of his own stage to give the necessary momentum. Likewise, a similar one was shot when the T-1000 "plans" on a police motorcycle with windows "Kiberdayn Systems" on the helicopter. By the way, during the filming of the next episode for a spectacular happening I had to break the three "turntables" and the same number of vans in which Sarah and company flee from raging robot.
Again, remember the fragment of a nuclear explosion in the dream of Sarah Connor. The fact that he sees the audience, almost 100% identical to the real consequences of the detonation of the atomic bomb. In any case, as experts say. But it was not necessary to seek terrible weapons for this team James Cameron. Filmmakers used the experience gained during the filming of the first "Terminator": from biscuits and cereals, they built a miniature version of the city.
The shock wave created by a powerful air guns, spread the crunchy food into small crumbs. The scene had to shoot a few takes from different angles, so that not a single kilogram of crackers left to recreate the layout. And then - a standard set of cine-like slow-motion fireworks illumination and smoke.
From the previous "Terminator" have borrowed a lot. Future action scenes were shot in the same way, only on a large scale. Often resorted to keying assistance (transplanting John Connor with a moped on a motorcycle Terminator hanging helicopter T-1000, and so on. D.), Do not forget about miniature cars (time rollover "azotovoza") and makeup (for a total of Arnie's make-up on throughout the month). In this case, the director did not want to even put up with small "hack-work". Not blown away with the toy car during the "atomic explosion"? Machine to change, roof to relax, make a copy of an explosion! Winchester sounds too inexpressive? Record sound of the shot of a pair of guns! Change for the sake of the chase on the river channel? Well, it is necessary - so necessary. Thought out even such small change as the sound at the transition of T-1000 from a liquid state to a "normal". To do this, someone came up to put a condom on the mic and put him in a mess. What happened, arranged by James Cameron.
The finale was shot on this plant. However, there was not nearly as hot as it looks in the film. Of course, neither of which this molten metal was out of the question. Instead, he used the crew highlighted muck from the oil and syrup. The required viscosity substance remained only at a temperature of about five degrees, so that the room was cold. The illusion of heat had to create a spray bottle of water, which is sprayed on the actors' faces (a la the sweat).
This completes the classic film series about the opposition of people and robots. Then there were the third and fourth parts, new special effects and computer technology fully. But all this is somehow not found an echo in the hearts of the audience. Perhaps because in the pre-computer era, filmmakers had to quietly engage in what is happening, not only those who are on the other side of the screen, but also their imagination.
"Terminator 2: Judgment Day" was one of the last fighters of the "old school", which provided the audience interaction and cinema. At the same time it is one of the first films of the new - digital - era in which everything can be chewed only computer effects. Only geniuses like James Cameron under the force to strike a balance and, without crossing the line, to show the audience not only entertaining, but also a smart movie.