7 labyrinths Russia
Churchill said: "Russia - a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma placed." A little more precise Briton: Russia - a labyrinth consisting of many labyrinths, placed inside a maze. And in each maze await you own "Minotaur".
It is an icon written in the XVIII century, you can see in the New Jerusalem Monastery. The image is very unexpected for Russian iconography: the people in the know say about the impact of the Western Christian tradition. Although it is not fundamentally.
"Spiritual Labyrinth" includes 12 laps: Two entrances lead into the kingdom of heaven, and twelve - in hell. The icon serves as a kind of detector sinfulness: gone visually from the center of the road, you have rested it in his major sin. This, of course, does not apply to the righteous ...
People said that the pass "Spiritual Labyrinth" is possible only before confession (and once at a time). Otherwise, you can fall into the charm or even fall into madness.
"Babylon" - the so-called labyrinths in the Russian North, where, incidentally, there were many. There is a version that originally they were called "Avalon" (named after the mythical Celtic island of the blessed), and then, with the advent of Christianity, in accord - "Babylon". Some believed that ancient people in these structures may offer sacrifices, others - places for initiations, the third - place of power where a person can go to another dimension. It was even believed that this fish traps, which fell into the maze at high tide. It is not known what was originally function was performed by "Babylon", was built on the shore of Kandalaksha Bay 3-5 thousand years ago. It is known that the Sami spent here their shamanic rituals at the beginning of the last millennium. Then this is the place inhabited Russian coast-dwellers, who by "Babylon" treated very cautiously. It was believed that the "journey" through the labyrinth can result in a descent into hell. True, they say, Pomorie-conservatives still enjoyed "Babylon" before maritime navigation: say, by means of the labyrinth can be controlled by the winds.
Near the Umba River (near Kandalaksha) can find another "Babylon." Probably, this functionality does not differ from the neighboring Kandalaksha maze. Local residents said that "Babylon" stands on the old Sami cemetery, and the passage of the labyrinth can result in unwanted contact with the ancient spirits.
Bolshoi Solovetsky LABYRINTH
The maze is located on the Big Solovetsky Island. It consists of two intertwined snakes. Regardless of which way you go, you always go back to the place of entry.
There is a legend associated with this "Babylon": popular rumor saying that it contributes to a doubling of "material" values. For example, if you pass a labyrinth with 10 rubles in his pocket, then soon your capital will increase to 20 rubles. People are scientists, "investment" version is called, of course, nonsense.
This labyrinth was accidentally discovered in 1915 in the Urals, a mountain Pyskorsky. In his time on the mountain was Pyskorsky monastery patrimonial abode famous Stroganoff. Under the monks of the monastery was established tunnel system underground chapels, the secret cells, warehouses and other facilities. Explore the maze more thoroughly and failed, because soon the only underground passage was closed to his landslide. Interestingly, the locals have long been legends about hidden treasures in the mountain, with some pyskortsam in his sleep from night to night came a old man and pointed out the place of the treasure.
"The Garden at the pavilion Tempel"
Peter I was a big fan of mazes. It is said that at least ten facilities across Russia was built on the orders of the king-modernist. Peter even credited with creating some of the "Babylon" in the White Sea, which archaeologists have allegedly mistakenly take today for the construction of the Neolithic. But this is all speculation. With full confidence it is possible to attribute authorship of Peter Alekseevich just one labyrinth - in Peterhof, which was created according to the plan of the French specialist Jean-Baptiste Leblond. Maze, called "The Garden Pavilion at the Temple", is an almost square area of about 2 hectares. At its center is an oval swimming pool, from which eight tracks diverge; they crossed the circular walkway that separated the land into sixteen groups of trees, which were planted flowers. Despite the "vegetable" origin of the labyrinth was not so innocuous: it was rumored that some of the "travelers" there completely disappeared. According to another legend, "The Garden Pavilion at the Temple" with the time chosen by the first Russian Masons who performed in it their secret rituals.
According to research by the famous Russian archaeologist and researcher of "Moscow underground" Ignatius Stelletskogo, underground structures under the buildings XVI - XVII centuries, located within the Garden Ring, linked with the Kremlin and the network of underground labyrinths. And initially underground capital plan was created by Italian architects of the Moscow Kremlin - Aristotle Fioravanti, Pietro Antonio Solari and Aleviz New. Stelletsky in particular, wrote: "All three architects as foreigners could not leave Moscow and had it folded their bones ..." Archaeologists have discovered a coordinated system of underground 350 points, thanks to which, for example, can be accessed from the Kremlin to the Sparrow Hills. However, after the death of Stelletskogo studies were classified.