Approach to waste
The Moscow region - the largest in Russia, there are about 17 million people. Annually, these people produce more than ten million tons of municipal solid waste - MSW. In the Moscow region there are about forty licensed sites and a large number of unauthorized dumps, where and dumped most of Moscow's garbage.
Previously, collection and removal of solid waste from the territory of Moscow is about 200 transport companies that signed contracts with management companies on garbage. Coordinate the work of so many enterprises have been difficult, so Moscow debris often found on unauthorized landfills, these landfills can be expected to be operated with gross violations of sanitary norms. Sorting garbage companies do not engage at all, and simply dumping waste in landfills. In those days, sorting guide is not more than 5% of the total amount of municipal solid household waste. Separate waste collection in the capital almost was not.
However, in 2013 the Moscow government has decided to conduct an experiment, starting with the South-Western Administrative District. The winner of the competition to conclude the state contract for a period of 15 years. The contract requires that the perpetrator will build a screening plant, landfill and organize the separate collection of waste in the county. In 2014-15 experiment extended for another eight districts. Between the exporting companies had a tender, the requirements for equipment and logistics were very high. One of the major problems that put the city to the companies - to organize separate collection. As a result, waste of Moscow are now engaged in five major operators. For the company "EcoLine" for example, secured two districts, North and Central. What do those who do not want to sort garbage? "All the same, all lumped together!" Bigpikcha in the face of the photographer Maria Ionova-Gribina decided to test whether this is so. It turns out that the total of the pile, on the contrary, is selected. "EcoLine" neutralizes waste by choosing it from a hazardous waste, is then extracted from the debris so-called useful fragmentation - recycled, which is processed. The rest crushed and transported to landfills. Of the amount that the company exports from the two districts, sort manage 15%. The company has installed 28 points separate collection - for those who want to own to sort waste. Separate collection - is when the residents of the area is divided by type of waste: glass, cardboard, paper, metal, batteries, light bulbs, plastic.
We offer also see what it looks like the proverbial ground, - it is likely that you will be shocked and want to start sorting the garbage immediately! By the way, if you do not know how to do this, be sure to see more and rollers.
Database "Ecoline" - new garbage trucks. At every garbage truck running one driver and two loader.
Loaders and drivers "Ecoline".
The base "Ecoline".
Aslan, 25 years old. Aslan comes from the Stavropol Territory, the last six years in Moscow.
Handling waste in a Moscow court yard, the car "Ecoline" comes to every house every day. The driver and the loader Vladimir Alexei.
Large Waste sorting station in the south-west of Moscow. Sorters choose plastic bottles, cans of beer and cola, a large cardboard (each - his own), throw them into the holes. Located at the bottom of the tanks as soon as they are filled, the raw material is sent to the press. The rest of the garbage goes to the landfill.
Rahim, 24 years old, in 2013 he graduated from the Ecological Institute in Kyrgyzstan.
A small tractor drives up the trash to the sorting belt - on it comes to garbage sorters, with rake worker helps immerse debris on the tape.
Vladimir, 52 years old, works in the waste sorting station for three years, post - press operator. By training fitter come from Ryazan region.
Alex, the driver of the excavator, a native of Yaroslavl region. Garbage trucks bring waste and dumped it into one big pile. Alex loads it into the bucket and puts on a small tractor, which carries it to tape.
processing plant plastic bottles in the suburbs. First workshop: sorting bottles by color and properties.
The operator of the first unit of Nowruz, working at the plant for five years, manages the entire process of mechanized.
Zarina and walk - sorter in the washing shop. In the first workshop of the garbage by the color sorting machine, which sometimes makes a mistake, so after washing Gul Zarina manually choose with tape unnecessary bottles.
Ilya, 21 years old, shop management engineer washing, working here a year. To control the car wash shop need to constantly monitor the process in a special program on a computer that is in a special cupboard protected.
Apparatus wash Ivan, 24 years, oversees the entire process on-site.
After the final cleaning plastic flakes they are sent to be melted down, out of the machine goes out thin plastic "spaghetti" and quenched in water. Another machine then cuts from macaroni beads.
Finished products - pellets, which they bottle.
The courtyard on the other side of the plant, there is an open storage of raw materials. Loader carries the raw material for the first workshop.
One of Moscow's landfills. Officially established in 1971, but residents say that the dump was here much earlier. It is believed that he should be already closed. Many local from unhappy, but the residents of the nearest villages say that they do not prevent dumping and that the whole village working there. Dump, say, a windfall.
View of the landfill with quadrocopter - scale, of course, affects ...
But small tutorial videos about what sort garbage and how to do it right. "EcoLine" just today started its own channel on YouTube, where promises to continue publishing video tutorials. I thank him for it.