10 «Russian bid» Records
In the evening on June 4 in London ended with the traditional series of summer auction dedicated to Russian art and antiques. Four major auction houses - Christie's, Sotheby's, MacDougall's and Bonham's - were able to set new price records. However, not all submitted masterpieces managed to attract the attention of collectors and investors.
The most profitable was the Christie's auction: its total revenue amounted to more than $ 40 million, and among the new champions were works by Vasily Vereshchagin ( "the Pearl Mosque at Agra", $ 6, 1 million), Vladimir Borovikovsky ( "Portrait of Countess Love Ilinichny Kushelev with children", $ 5 million) and Alexander Golovin ( "Years of St. teachings. Sergius of Radonezh", $ 646,600). Past June 2 trades have also become the most successful in the history of the house in the category "Russian Art".
The following day, Sotheby's raised about $ 30, 5 million (the highest score at home in this segment over the last 6 years) and claimed 12 records. Top-end lots were paintings "Head of the peasant" Kazimir Malevich and "Children with umbrellas" Aristarchus Lentulova: Both paintings have exceeded their estimated value by more than three times and went under the hammer for $ 3, 3 million each. The absolute leader of the estimate - a portrait of "young designer" Alexander Deineka ($ 3-5 million) - and has not found a buyer.
Specializing exclusively in Russian art MacDougall's house was rescued almost $ 17 million. Its bestseller was painting "Oriental City. Bukhara "by Pavel Kuznetsov, sold for the maximum for the artist of $ 3, 9 million. The total amount received by Bonham's, at that time was about $ 10, 5 million. Almost half of them shared the picture of Roerich's" Smoke of the world "($ 2, 390 million) and the figure "Philistine" Faberge ($ 2, 015 million).
Profile auction of Russian art are held in the British capital every year, usually in November and June.
Recall the 10 brightest Records "Russian Week" of the past.
"Egg Rothschild" 1902
Michael Perkhin (1860-1903), Faberge firm
Auction: Christie's, November 2007
Estimate: $ 12, 360 - 18, 540 million
SOLD: $ 18,499,830
Work leading jeweler Carl Faberge workshop, the creator of more than half of the imperial Easter eggs, set just three records in the history of the auction - the most expensive work of Russian art, the most expensive watch and the most expensive Faberge. Commissioned by Beatrice Ephrussi, the subject had to be a gift to celebrate the engagement of her younger brother Edward Rothschild in 1905.
Table clock in the sign for jewelry house shaped like a vase - their height with the pedestal is about 30 cm every hour golden lid opens: rises richly inlaid with gold, enamel and diamonds cockerel, which makes four flapping wings, and then three nods, opening its beak. and crowing, and then is heard the chimes. All presentation lasts approximately 15 seconds.
Prior to the sale in 2007, the egg is in private collections of the Rothschild family. Following the auction, which was attended by herself the granddaughter of Carl Faberge, after a ten-minute fight (an unusually long time for the auction) became the owner of the masterpiece by Russian businessman Alexander Ivanov, the founder of the Russian National Museum and the owner of the Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden.
"Proceedings of the Virgin" 1931
Nicholas Roerich (1874-1947)
Auction: Bonham's, June 2013
Estimate: $ 1, 200-1, 800 million
SOLD: $ 13,199,908
The painting, also known as the "Madonna Laboris", was not only the artist's record sales, but also the most expensive canvases ever implemented in the "Russian" art auction. It is part of a series of works of Roerich dedicated to the image of Our Lady. Cloth, written in the Himalayan valley of Kullu in 1931, occupies a special place among them: Elena Roerich has repeatedly called "Proceedings of the Mother of God," one of his favorite creations that came out from under the hand of her husband. It is known that in the year of creation Esther Lihman brought him to New York. In the mid-1930s masterpiece was in the ownership of Louis Horch, he was subsequently purchased by Dr. Harvey Spencer Luis, a member of the Rosicrucian Order (international organization, dedicated to "the study of the elusive mysteries of life and the universe") and familiar Roerich, then came to a private collector from the Midwest . owner, to sell the painting, as well as the last buyer reclaimed picture on the phone, was not disclosed.
"Family Portrait in the studio" 1917
Petr Konchalovsky (1876-1956)
Auction: Sotheby's, November 2013
Estimate: $ 6, 000-7, 700 million
SOLD: $ 7.5 million
Soviet artist canvas, which is often called "Russian Cezannists" is unique not only as the most expensive of his masterpiece, sold at auction. This painting is considered to be the greatest of all creations Konchalovsky, and is one of the three existing portraits of his family (the other two are in the collections of the Tretyakov Gallery and the Russian Museum).
Last year's autumn auction Sotheby's set a record for the other party's brightest association "Jack of Diamonds", which includes Konchalovsky - Robert Falk. His painting "The man in the bowler hat. Portrait of Jacob Kagan-Shabshaya "written in the same year, is estimated at $ 4, 3-6 million. Its final cost was not disclosed, but, according to the auction house, as opposed to the work Konchalovsky, it greatly exceeds its upper estimate .
It is noteworthy that the two paintings have sold privately for nearly a week before the official start of trading. The buyer chose to remain incognito masterpieces, we only know that he lives in Russia.
"Paris Cafe" 1875
Ilya Repin (1844-1930)
Auction: Christie's, June 2011
Estimate: $ 4, 899-8, 165 million Sold: $ 7,423,893
Atypical for Repin in terms of plot picture nonetheless set a world record for the value of his work ever auctioned. Prior to this, the most expensive work of the artist was "Portrait of Madame Alice Rivoire with lapdog", sold by the auction house MacDougall's in 2009.
Artist painted canvas during his stay in Paris in the 1870s as a student-fellow of the Academy of Arts. Then future classic experiment and find creative search, the gap between traditional Russian motifs and fashionable style of European art.
It is known that in 1882 purchased the painting from the artist some spouses Avantso. Later cloth bought his nephew Ivan Shishkin Nikolay Stakheev known philanthropist and builder of apartment buildings. From 1916 to 2011 the painting was owned by the family, whose name was not called.
"Still Life with Fruit" 1910
Ilya Mashkov (1881-1944)
Auction: Christie's, June 2013
Estimate: $ 1, 522-2, 283 million
Sold: $ 7,253,662
The picture was first introduced in the premiere exhibition of avant-garde association "Jack of Diamonds", which took place from December 1910 to January 1911 in Moscow. Christies's auction describes as "the most significant example of Russian neo-primitivism of all the paintings that have appeared at auction in recent years."
The last time the still life was available to the public in 1913 in the City Museum in Amsterdam. Most likely, this is where painting acquired Willem Beffa, famous collector of Russian and German expressionism. After a while she was in the register of the Dutch art dealer Leendert Lear, which it bought out in 1976. During last year's auction painting purchased an anonymous buyer over the phone.
"The driver", 1920-1923
Boris Kustodiev (1878-1927) Auction: Christie's, November 2012
Estimate: $ 2, 300-3, 000 000 000
SOLD: $ 7063 619Camaya expensive ever sold paintings by the artist refers to a series of works depicting popular types. "Against the background of great social upheaval and set a new world order in the post-revolution, and then in the post-war years is a symbolic painting played a role emblem delivered in Russian daring experiment embodied in one form of the Russia that Russian decided to present all over the world" - so described the painting before the auction christie's.
No coincidence that the painting was used for the poster exhibition of Russian art in 1924, organized in New York by Igor Grabar. After the death of the artist's painting was his wife. In 1936 she sold it to Peter Kapitsa, the famous Soviet physicist, whose collection of painting and entered the auction, dedicated to the 40th anniversary of "Russian" auction Christie's. The canvas has got a private buyer from Europe, participated in the bidding by telephone.
"Which one of you is without sin," 1908
Vasily Polenov (1844-1927)
Auction: Bonham's, November 2011
Estimate: $ 1, 900-2, 800 million
SOLD: $ 6822 081Camaya Polenova expensive painting ever sold at auction, included in his famous series "Life of Christ" (1890-1900-ies), which he considered "the main work of his life." "Which one of you is without sin" - a variant of the earlier paintings of the artist, "Christ and the Sinner", which is stored in the Russian Museum.
In 1924, the picture of Charles Crane bought at the exhibition of Russian art at the "Grand Central Palace." In the same year he gave Crane a masterpiece one of the American schools. Fabric for many years adorned the walls of the scientific library, until he found the specialists of the auction house. In 2011, the buyer chose to remain anonymous, but in 2014 a picture found in the residence of the former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych. "Evangelical circles", as the author himself often called its series, is presented in full only in reproductions of album of the same name, published in Prague in 1912. To date, the location of most of the original series of paintings is unknown.
"The vision of the holy youths Sergius' 1922
Mikhail Nesterov (1862-1942)
Auction: Sotheby's, April 2007
Estimate: $ 2, 000-3, 000 000 000
Sold: $ 4,296,000
Picture Nesterov, sold seven years ago for the maximum amount today, it is copyrighted by repeating "Vision lad Bartholomew" (TG). It is part of a cycle of works devoted to the deeds of St. Sergius of Radonezh.
Starting work on the painting in 1889, the artist completed it in 32 years after the "Vision lad Bartholomew". The cloth came out half the size, in the upper left corner of the canvas there was a moon (as in the film "Elegy. Blind Musician", the State Russian Museum). Changed facial expression young Sergei, that researchers have linked to changes in mood of the author.
For the first time the painting was presented at the New York exhibition of Russian art in 1924 (along with the already mentioned paintings of Vasily Polenov and Boris Kustodiev). Since that time and up until 2007 the canvas was in the family of descendants of Louis and Nettie Horch, American philanthropists and patrons of Nicholas Roerich. Name of the current owners is not known.
Ivan Shishkin (1832-1898)
Auction: MacDougall's, June 2013
Estimate: $ 2, 000-3, 000 000 000
Sold: $ 3,314,757
The picture to the story which Shishkin repeatedly addressed in his works, set a record for the cost of all of his work ever sold at auction. Kind to "Twilight," and many other "forest" pictures of the artist, served as the area near the village of Siverskaya near St. Petersburg, where many Russian artists and writers of the XIX-XX centuries, have had or rented cottages. Last time the general public painting was available on the All-Russia Exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod in 1896, where it was acquired by a private buyer from Finland. Twenty years later, the picture was sold at an auction in Helsinki anonymous collector, who she was until the summer of 2013. The present owner of the "Twilight" also lives in Europe.
Victor Vasnetsov (1848-1926)
Auction: Christie's, November 2011
Estimate: $ 463 500-772 500
Sold: $ 1,710,927
Large-scale canvas, executed in typical Vasnetsov epic genre originally was awarded to conservative estimates, but the results of trades was a record for the artist. Prototype work - painting "Ilya Muromets" stored in the Moscow Vasnetsov House-Museum. "Bogatyr" is not only never goes up for auction, but was unknown to the general public. Before bidding in 2011. The works are in a British family, one of whose members was a friend of the painter and got a picture of him as a gift.
Other prominent champions of the November auction of 2011 ago became a rare work "From the window of the old house. Vvedenskoe "Mary Yakunchikova brush (sold for $ 1, 069 million) and Ivan Pohitonova landscape, academician of painting and a member of the" Association of the Wanderers, "a large part of the archives who died during the Second World War.