Masterpieces of the New York MoMA
In this vast museum of contemporary art that is not only painting, sculpture, photography, design objects, installations, media and performance art exhibits. Museum regulars are advised to begin acquaintance with the masterpieces from the sixth floor, where temporary exhibitions are usually located hotel that offers something unusual and often exclusive. In the fifth and fourth floors are the most famous exhibits from the field of painting and sculpture, and the third - in the field of photography, design and architecture.
So you do not get lost in a variety of unknown contemporary art, we have chosen for you 10 exhibits that are sure to be seen with your own eyes.
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Pablo Picasso, 1907. It is believed that this operation began Cubism. While the picture made a splash among Parisian artists and the public. Placing it Picasso severed all patterns and standards, and conventional formulation perspective, thereby challenging the usual academic art.
of water lily
Claude Monet. 1914-1926 year. By this you will not pass exactly, because its size is two to more than four meters. Monet said that sought to create a "safe haven for calming meditation flower aquarium." And he conceived three paintings that make up the picture, had to be placed on the radial wall, as it were, surrounding the viewer from all sides. Take your time and sit down on a bench in front of a picture to enjoy its soothing beauty.
The Persistence of Memory
Salvador Dali, 1931. The picture is incredibly famous. A year before her writing Dali formulated his "paranoid-critical method", which he used to create his works. It is based on creating internal images, which can be fixed just before falling asleep. So were born the famous surrealist characters and stories Dali. For example, the melted clocks and ants devouring While some flesh.
Vincent Van Gogh, 1889. "This morning, before dawn, I looked at the neighborhood through a window. The sky was clear, and only the morning star, which seemed to me a very big "- van Gogh wrote to his brother Theo. Leaving behind the Impressionist doctrine, with its calm tones and true image of Van Gogh painted rather than nature, and his feelings for her, using bright colors and vigorous brushstrokes. Thus, the painting "Starry Night" was the starting point for expressionism.
Henri Matisse, 1909. Matisse was commissioned by the Russian patron Sergei Shchukin in the creation of two large canvases on the theme of "Dance" and "Music." This work was done as the preform for the composite base web, which is now stored in the Hermitage. Nevertheless, it is a dynamic composition of this huge four-meter painting here and captures. bodies and women's hands the direction of movement as draws us into this whirlwind of dance.
can of soup "Campbell"
Andy Warhol, 1962. Figures cans with bright colors have become "business card" of Warhol. The show works on display in the gallery "Stab!" Caused a great resonance among the public. According to critics, these paintings reflect the impersonal and the vulgarity of mass consumption culture, the mentality of Western civilization. After this exhibition of Warhol's name has become synonymous with pop art and conceptual art.
Jackson Pollock, 1950. Technique of Jackson Pollock with no one confused. He drew his huge paintings, placing the canvas on the floor while he was running around with a bucket of paint, vigorously waving his brush with paint dripping from her. Specifically, this cloth was written 3 years after Pollock began to work in this manner. By this time, the artist has developed his technique so that we face not just a blob, but rather a calligraphic pattern and clean energy, for which you can watch endlessly.
Alexander Rodchenko, 1924. Rodchenko was truly a pioneer in the field of photography: he made it dynamic and emotional, disturbing the usual rules of composition and creating new ones, rejecting the staged scenes and taking real emotions and feelings. "Mother" - one of the most powerful works of the artist. Here he was able to capture the moment when the mother of a soldier receives a letter stating that her son died in the war. Incredibly tearjerker and a sad picture.
Henri Cartier-Bresson, 1932. Legendary photographer, founder of the agency "Magnum" and the father of photojournalism. It is said to make the frame, Henry waited for several hours. Seeing as the stair railing in common with the line of the curb, the photographer could not get past. But it needed another element that enhances the movement. Cartier-Bresson and his wait.
Mies van der Rohe, 1929. Architect Mies van der Rohe designed this chair for the German pavilion at the World Exhibition in Barcelona. It was the continuation of the innovative principles of the architect, who was one of the first to design and build the skyscrapers of glass. "Less is better" - read his principle. Then it was created only two seats, but after the show that launched the project in mass production, design has become so popular that seats are buying and producing so far.