The most amazing minerals
Nedra planet pose countless treasures - minerals. Their indescribable diversity and beauty has always conquered the hearts of men. We offer to admire a selection of the finest examples of a frozen natural harmony.
Petrified wood with opal veins
Under certain conditions, the fragments of a fallen tree does not perish, and mineralized, becoming a real stones bizarre. This requires hundreds of years and the lack of air access to the material, resulting in a unique mineral-like icy shards of wood, covered with glittering splashes of opal or chalcedony.
Discovered in the 19th century in Siberia, Stone, referring to grenades, nicknamed by the people "Ural emerald." Spectacular green color gives the mineral chromium. In nature, it is extremely rare, and the few findings have very modest size. Incidentally, this mineral is meant Alexander Kuprin in his work "Garnet Bracelet".
This mineral has long been used for decorative purposes and sweetens the views of high society graceful translucent vases and statues, glow in the dark, now he found himself more applications of optics, becoming an excellent material for making lenses.
Very fragile stone color fuchsia - Kemmerer - is considered collectible. To make it a piece of jewelry, you need to master to make all his scruples and accuracy. For this reason, the value of the processed mineral is extremely high.
Hematite, rutile and feldspar
Ability black mineral hematite in the processing of water painted in blood red color has caused many ineradicable superstitions regarding this stone. But he is popular not only because - Hematite is very common in nature and is used in addition to the decorative in many application areas.
How fascinating this mineral is beautiful, just as he is deadly. Torbernita prism crystals contain uranium and can cause cancer in humans. In addition, by heating the stones begin to slowly emit hazardous to health radon gas.
Rare Crystal klinoklaz has one little secret - when heated, this exquisitely beautiful mineral extracts of garlic smell.
White barite, strewn vanadinita crystals
Vanadinite his name was in honor of the Scandinavian goddess of beauty Vanadis. This mineral - one of the toughest on the planet, since it has a high lead content. Keep crystals vanadinita stands away from the sun, since they tend to darken under their influence.
Fossil egg? No - geode with opal core
In areas rich in minerals, it is possible to find geodes - geological formations, is a cavity inside concealing a variety of minerals. In sections and how geodes can look extremely attractive and outlandish.
Silver stibnite with barite
Stibnite is antimony sulfide, but it seems that it consists of high grade silver. Due to this similarity one day someone decided to make this material luxury cutlery. And it was a very bad idea ... antimony crystals cause severe poisoning, even after contact with the skin should be thoroughly washed with soap and water.
Enchanting beauty of these crystals hides mortal danger being in a liquid medium, the copper contained in this mineral begins to dissolve rapidly, threatening to all living things, have on its path. Just one small blue stone is able to destroy a pond with all its flora and fauna, so it is necessary to treat it with extreme caution.
Fulfilling the role of inclusion, this rare mineral is able to give a unique quartz and amethyst colors and higher cost. As a representative of needles, kakoksenit incredibly fragile.
Produced in the northern regions of the mineral its views if reflects the sky, under which it was found: the play of color on the background of stars peppered with sparkling dark stone remind the northern lights, blazing the long polar night.
The most valuable species of opals. Despite the word "black" in the title, the greatest value of this mineral is obtained if has a multi-colored sparkling on a dark background. The various shades of its radiance - the higher the price.
Needles kuprosklodovskita attract admiring attention to the depth and diversity of its green color and amusing form. However, this mineral is mined in uranium deposits and is highly radioactive and must be kept away not only from living beings, but even from other minerals.
Blue halite and sylvite
The milky white or whitish sylvite often found in volcanoes and blue halite (sodium chloride) - in sedimentary rocks.
Artificially grown crystals are recognizable bismuth iridescent luster on its dark surface. This effect occurs because the oxide film covering it. Incidentally, bismuth oxide chloride is used to create nail varnishes as a means to impart a shine.
Noble gem opal demanding the surrounding humidity: during a long stay in overly dry conditions it may become darker and even crack. For this reason, opals worth sometimes "bathed" in clean water, and wear more often, if they are presented in the form of jewelry, the stones were saturated with moisture emanating from the human body.
Juicy red and pink colors, smooth transitions of colors with the most unexpected ranges do tourmaline one of the most popular collectible minerals. According to historians it was crowned with many such stones jewelry and accessories royalty and famous personages: from Catherine the Great to Tamerlane.
Its rare color crystal bayldonit must contain in its composition of copper and shine - the high percentage of lead.
Having the status of the densest natural substance, osmium is extremely difficult to any treatment. Widespread use of this metal in medicine, manufacturing and defense industry makes a demand for it is incredibly high. And provided the rarity of osmium in the nature of the cost of one gram of its isotope currently equal to twenty thousand dollars.
Quirkiness location copper layers in karst cavities caves where arises malachite, it determines the future structure patterns. They can be represented by concentric circles, star placers or chaotic patterns tape. Age of malachite beads, found in the ancient city of Jericho, archaeologists have determined in 9000 years.
Quite rare mineral Emmons, presented in the form of small needles with a glassy luster, found in mines in North and South America.
Aquamarine on potassium mica
The similarity of faces clean sea waves Roman thinker Pliny the Elder gave the name of this noble stone "aquamarine". More blue aquamarine are valued more than the green. This mineral is very popular among jewelry lovers and designers, and its highest strength at an opportune moment helps to create jewelry of any configuration.
German scientist Pallas in 1777 brought to the museum Kunstkamera rare metal samples, found in Krasnoyarsk at the site of a meteorite. Soon to St. Petersburg he was transferred the whole lump of extraterrestrial origin weighing 687 kg. This material is called "Pallas Iron" or Pallas. An equivalent material from those that are produced on our planet, not found. According to experts, this meteorite is an iron-nickel base with numerous inclusions of olivine crystals.
Small cubic crystals of blue - boleity - especially appreciated in the countries of South and North America. In Russia, this rare mineral in the course has not been noticed.
The name "crocoite" comes from the Greek word meaning "saffron", as the similarity of the crystal surface with this spicy visible to the naked eye. Red lead ore, which is for this mineral, is particularly valuable for collectors and connoisseurs.