Edvard Munch and Vincent Van Gogh: parallels
• Edvard Munch and Vincent Van Gogh: parallels
Dutchman Vincent Van Gogh and Edvard Munch Norway never met, despite the fact that their outstanding paintings are created in the same period. Both artists have sacrificed for the sake of art, both worked unsparingly and health, both were deeply unhappy in love and were treated in psychiatric hospitals.
On September 25, 2015 on January 17, 2016 a large-scale exhibition "Edvard Munch: Van Gogh" at Amsterdam's Museum Vincent van Gogh, which demonstrates the incredible parallels between the life and work of the two great masters. Read more about this in today's reporting.
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The beginning of a career path of Vincent Van Gogh and Edvard Munch can be considered as 1880, when 17-year-old Munch enrolled at the Royal School of Art and Design in Oslo (pictured - left), a 27-year-old Van Gogh - at the Antwerp Royal Academy of Fine Arts (in the photo - on right).
It would seem, at the moment between Vincent Van Gogh and Edvard Munch had nothing in common. 17-year-old Edward immediately began to predict a great future, and friends and colleagues never doubted his artistic talent. Young Munch even notice the Norwegian press, however, the articles and references to it were more critical.
The talent of the young artist Vincent Van Gogh did not believe anyone - except himself. But in spite of that van Gogh decided if he will work hard, you will certainly succeed. Over time, it is believed, and younger brother Vincent - Theodore Van Gogh, who provided his livelihood.
After several years of hard practice, both artists feel a willingness to create the first large-scale work. In 1884, Munch paints a picture "Morning", which has just woken maid displayed. The work was met with misunderstanding, criticism as if it did not notice the stunning colors and flowing of the morning light, which is so accurately conveys Munch. "The girl dirty foot!" - they were indignant.
In 1885 Vincent van Gogh wrote his famous "Potato Eaters": the picture of a modest meal is depicted peasant family. "I tried to emphasize that these people, eating their potatoes in the lamplight, the same hands that they stretch to the dish, digging the earth; thus, the web says about the hard work and the fact that the characters are honestly earned their food "- as the artist explained to picture in one of his letters to his brother Theo.
In XIX century, but as in the first half of the century XX, Paris - a world capital of culture and art. Artists from all over the world come here, because in the French capital you can get painting lessons from recognized masters are held annually, one of the most prestigious art exhibitions - the Paris Salon, where you can see the latest works of contemporary artists. But for those whose paintings were rejected by the jury of the official Salon, always been able to take part in the Salon des Independants, set in a small private gallery or one of the numerous Parisian cafes.
Artists tend to Paris even to get to the Louvre - already considered one of the best museums in the world. Wanting to see the works in the Louvre "old masters", in 1885 in Paris comes Edvard Munch, and in 1886 there is Vincent Van Gogh.
"Hurray! Vive la France! Imagine just how we "wear" the Louvre floors, the French government will have to re-paint them and restore "- Edvard Munch wrote to one of his friends on the eve of departure to Paris. In the photo - a picture of Edvard Munch, depicting Parisian street Lafayette (Rue La Fayette).
Vincent Van Gogh arrived in Paris February 28, 1886, which was an absolute surprise for his brother Theodore, what do we learn from this letter: "My dear Theo! Do not be mad at me for an unexpected visit. I weighed everything and I think that in this way we will gain time. I'll be at the Louvre at noon, and if you want, if not sooner. Give me, please, to know at what time you can come in a square room. "
At the time of Vincent Van Gogh arrived in Paris Edvard Munch had already left the city, so that the meeting, which could well happen, never took place. By the way, the artists even rented a house on the same street, at the foot of Montmartre Hill, moved in the same artistic circles, interested in impressionistic technique and Japanese prints. In the photo - the work of Vincent Van Gogh's "Montmartre: for the mill", which felt the impact of the Impressionists.
It is known that Vincent van Gogh and Edvard Munch is equally admired painting by Edouard Manet, especially highly they valued the gift of his portrait. In the picture - "Portrait of Emile Zola", written by Manet in 1868.
Among the young contemporary artists who have influenced both by Vincent Van Gogh, and the Edvard Munch worth mentioning Paul Gauguin, whose works are full of profound meaning, they symbolically encrypted something more than just an image of the world. In the photo picture of Paul Gauguin "Arearea" ( "mischievous joke").
In the work of Edvard Munch's "Fertility" (pictured - left) and paintings by Vincent Van Gogh's "The Sower" (photo - right) was influenced by Paul Gauguin.
Edvard Munch and Vincent Van Gogh felt the need not just to write some pictures, but create a series in which the ideas of the artists would receive development. Each work is a series, sent out to the other, and the whole ensemble was perceived as a single, complete work. Perhaps the most famous series created by Van Gogh - "Sunflowers".
As for Edvard Munch, by the beginning of 1893 he finally took shape the idea - to create a series of works, the ability to reflect all the aspects of human existence. "Frieze of life: a poem about love, life and death" - as the artist called this cycle. "Freeze" can be divided into four sections: "Birth of Love", "Rise and Decline of Love", "Fear of Life" and "Death." This series includes such well-known works of Munch as "Madonna", "Scream", and many others.
Vincent Van Gogh and Edvard Munch were not just artists, they have left us a great ensembles of its texts, consisting primarily of detailed letters sent to family and friends, and in the case of Munch also from diaries, literary and poetic works. "Literature, art and the world, for me - it's the same thing," - wrote Vincent Van Gogh.
The total reached us more than 800 letters of Vincent Van Gogh, addressed to relatives and friends, but above all to his brother Theo, whom he regularly informed about the progress of work on the paintings. By the way, Vincent in his correspondence with Theo gave very detailed descriptions of his work, which often turn art in determining the authorship of paintings by Van Gogh. All the letters were written by the artist in the period from 1872 to 1890, the original texts of the letters can be found on the site Vangoghletters.org.
There are about 2,600 letters of Edvard Munch and about 1500 pencil sketches, which he, as well as Van Gogh, sent to friends and acquaintances. Blogs artist's notes and poetic texts tell us about interesting events in the life of Munch: his first visit to Paris, the bohemian life in Oslo and uneasy relations with the rich young Norwegian named Tulla Larsen.
Edvard Munch The letters were written in the period from 1874 to 1944, so that his correspondence lasted about four times longer than the correspondence of Vincent van Gogh. The original texts of letters and pencil sketches by Edvard Munch Emunch.no posted on the website.
In 1908, after the death of Vincent Van Gogh, Edvard Munch wrote: "Drawing from nature, strong emotions, unbridled passion, hellish mental anguish - an incredibly difficult for the nervous system. Vincent - a good example (and I partly, too). " In the photo - a picture of Edvard Munch's "Ashes".
We often hear that a true artist, able to create great art, should be poor, lonely, unhappy, and in an ideal - "a little crazy." Vincent van Gogh and Edvard Munch in this sense are true "role models", because each of them laid on the altar of the great art of all that had or could have: their physical and mental health, frustrated love, family happiness and a normal human life, full of simple and discreet pleasures. In the photo - a picture of Vincent Van Gogh's "On the threshold of eternity," he wrote a few months before his death.
"I feel like I'm losing all desire to have children and start a family, although sometimes fall into a melancholy about it ... Sometimes I blame all over the damn painting. Love of art makes us lose a true love, "- wrote Vincent van Gogh to his brother Theo in July 1887.
In the blog "crazy poet" Edvard Munch writes about himself as follows: "He explains to her that he could not love. He explains that the burden of hereditary diseases convinced him to never get married and have children. " In the photo - the work of Edvard Munch's "Self-portrait with the Spanish flu."
The absolute denial of everything that prevented painting classes, and disregard for their own health have led to serious consequences in the event of vylivshimsya Edvard Munch in prolonged depression and alcoholism continuous. In the photo - "Melancholia", a painting by the artist in 1892.
In 1908, Edvard Munch had to seek psychiatric help to Professor Jacobson. While in the hospital Jacobson, Munch executed this cartoon: the artist sitting near some electrical appliance, and a doctor (Professor Jacobson) fixes the wire on his head. The caption reads: "Professor Jacobson electrifies the famous painter Edvard Munch and feeds his brain weak positive male and the negative female energy."
As for Vincent Van Gogh, then after a series of hospitalizations in psychiatric institutions, he not only will not be able to find peace of mind, but can not find the strength to continue to live on. July 29, 1890 by Vincent Van Gogh commit suicide, and in his pocket will find an unsent letter to his brother Theo: "Well, I have paid with his life for his work, and it cost me half my mind, it's so ..." Illustration - Vincent Van Gogh, "Ravens over wheat field ', the picture was completed 19 days before the artist's death.
"I will not allow the flame of his talent extinguished During his short life of Van Gogh. Fire and coals drove his brush on the canvas, and he - was burned for his art. Just as it is, I will not go out to his flame, and burning brush, I will be writing to the end. " Edvard Munch.