What it is the oldest city in Europe
• What is the oldest city in Europe
Long ago, at the dawn of time, an important and proud Thracian authority on behalf of Mena put here a stone, which has long and persistently carried with him in a shoulder bag. I sat on it and waited. Slowly it came to his fans, asking mundane questions and autographs. Out of all the fact that the neighboring quarries fans Mena peretaskat all cobbles, and do not notice how the city was built around it. And not very philosophizing, called it in honor of the idol - Menebriya. And on the main gate of a flint blade clearing the "3200 BC".
But there are doubts about the authenticity of the inscription, still Arabic numerals did not yet exist.
Now the city very well. They sell magnets and boiled corn. And this despite the fact that shortly before the birth of Jesus, in about 600 years, the Peninsula (namely, it is the town) suffered from the earthquake. Whether Zeus was angry at the Greeks, who robbed Menebriyu from Thracians, or he did not like the new name Mesebmriya, and he began to act up. In short, the city of just over half. Most likely, it was the right size for the fans of Bacchus and Jupiter, who came on a tour bus allegedly take pictures. And they themselves occupied the whole of the elite real estate, newspaper released on ancient Roman and even began to behave at home.
Oh, I told you even still have not said where is this city right now. And Menebriya, Mesembria ... But nothing. Just a couple of offers - and you, my dear, do all understand. To explore the city, we went on a boat. To float about 15 minutes and longer distance in medieval telephoto visible debris, which littered throughout the peninsula. Still, on a piece of 24 hectares, there are about 40 churches with a millennial history.
And while we swim up, I'll tell you what happened to the city further.
So, Ancient Rome fell. Romans did not want to come in large numbers remain in Mesembria and quickly rolled up, left the gate open, through which came the Byzantines. While Byzantium was praying to God, to build everywhere the church and to write letters and use the army has cut the inhabitants of neighboring countries, the Bulgarian Khan Krum with support for fellow Slavs gave good zvezdyuley Byzantine religionists and took Mesembria, giving the city the name of the Bulgarian - Nesebar (Nessebar).
Now the city is divided into two parts: the Old Nessebar, which is located on the peninsula and the new - mainland. They joined a narrow road in the length of 400 meters. Before entering the Old Town tourists encountered mill, built in the period of the Bulgarian National Revival in the XVIII century.
Yes, in Bulgaria, too, was the Renaissance. And this despite the fact that the First Bulgarian Empire lasted a little less than 4 centuries. A Bulgarian Nessebar was even less. Between the First and Second Bulgarian Empire was a period of 100 years in which Byzantium did with the Bulgarians and their lands, she wanted: the entire Orthodox elite exported in modern Turkey, and the Patriarch of Constantinople declared to all Bulgarians and the local priests, that from now on all his bitches. But what are the knots of the Khans and the South Slavs ?! In general, by the end of the XII century dissatisfied authority, instead of having to sit in the kitchen, cluck about life under a strong brandy, took to the streets and slapped all these stars Byzantines. So there was the Second Bulgarian Empire, kotoroye lasted 200 years. Because then came the Turks ...
It turns out that only for some 500 years, the Bulgarians had enough patriotism to after 5 centuries of Turkish hozyaynichestva, Muslims say, "No", waving his head up and down.
On the main street, not far from the mill are stands with photos of the old town of Nessebar.
And if you go south, you can go to the local beach, which is called "South Beach".
But still, the most interesting is in the peninsula. Sitting on the bench, you can enjoy the Sunny Beach and St. Vlas.
Monument St. Nicholas - patron saint of sailors.
Old Nessebar is unlike typical old towns in Europe. There are no stone buildings and fanciful tenement houses. Almost all the buildings date back to the XVIII century. Their peculiarity is that on a massive stone foundations and ground floor built 2nd floor, chipped wood, which may protrude over the first meter and a half and maintained below the beams, creating narrow streets between the houses even more narrow.
A lover of ecclesiastical antiquity, as well as a batch of tourists, tour group, be sure to find out about medieval ruins of temples, which may be located, almost in the courtyard of an apartment house, adapted for any barn.
Many say that everything is cheaper in Nessebar: from dinners to magnets. But…
It's Boris. He beat his chest to prove with the help of Russian language and accent that Belarusian. In the end, it turned out that it was his wife from Novogrudok, and he was a Bulgarian, who repeatedly visited her at home and visited almost all the major Belarusian cities. In general, Boris is an administrator of the restaurant. And the menu of this restaurant was the most expensive that we met on the coast, including the Sunshine Coast. And the prices for magnets, as everywhere: 1-3 leva. In general, tourist brochures fellows that subtly lure tourists to the place where supposedly cheaper.
Great location at the "cloakroom".
After a couple of hours walking on the narrow streets, in the eyes begins to ripple from all sorts of souvenirs, lace and magnets. Virtually all the first floors of ancient houses on busy streets are crammed with shops, cafes and restaurants. As well as toilets. Tablets "WC" are hanging everywhere!
Restaurants shill, pretending to be a chef, promises Russian couple of the most delicious food in the city: "I will not take with you any left if you do anything to not like it!".
Total 200 000 euro-pallets and this is your house!
So. How would your friends and acquaintances were not laughing at you, calling rogue, do not beware of your horse from Gypsy theft, Bulgaria has arguments. And they are not sucked from the finger. Yes, for me it was also shocking news. Firstly, Nessebar - and the truth is one of the oldest cities in Europe. Secondly, in Bulgaria there are even more ancient city - Plodviv, it is now about 6000 years old. And that's not all. archaeologists recently found in Bulgaria stone buildings near Provadia, where about 7000 years. And, by the way, there is no city in Europe, which could boast of such a venerable age.
You think that's it? Ended arguments? The Cyrillic alphabet was invented in Bulgaria! Let the Greeks ... And even Peter I, when in the XVIII century invented megareformu for Russian literature, all shaped as letters, one to one led by the Bulgarian alphabet. That is why, driving with the wind on the Bulgarian serpentines, never a question you, "What is this letter on the label the word" Zhivotozastrashavaschi "?". Another no less important argument in zagashnikah of nations you will find here is a symbol meaning "Welcome", and like this, means "people"?
The last argument. Where you'll meet a clever peasant who masterfully moves through the ruins of an ancient fortress and at the same time playing the bagpipes?
Bulgaria - a country attractive and very interesting. But at the same time, it has many features hitrovydumannyh who must know every tourist who is going to visit this country.