Overview of the tribes of the planet Earth
Jimmy Nelson - British photographer started with the fact that a year has passed in Tibet on foot, creating a unique visual diary, which was recognized at the international level. Then he photographed in the hot zones of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Yugoslavia, studied with his wife to all corners of China. Since 1997, it has become a lot of traveling around the world with various commercial assignments, simultaneously collecting valuable material for the project, "As long as they have not disappeared" - photo-story about the unique peoples who inhabited continents of our planet.
Before you start to take pictures, Jimmy Nelson came into contact with people of different tribes, I drank their mystical beverages, many watched my antenna tuned to their frequency, shared their vibrations with them, participated in their rituals and finds true trust. The result of his prodigious activity was amazing, aesthetic document evanescent world with its unique spirit, ancestral traditions and natural purity.
Ah, yes plunged into an unprecedented ... We're all a little tribe ~
Masai - tribe of East Africa. When the Maasai migrated from Sudan in the 15th century, they attacked the tribes and seized their cattle along the way. By the end of the journey they have occupied almost the entire territory of the Rift Valley. Being Maasai - is born a member of one of the most warlike cultures of the world.
Mongolian Kazakhs - the descendants of Turkic, Mongolian and Indo-Iranian tribes and the Huns, who inhabited the territory between Siberia and the Black Sea. This semi-nomadic people, and they roam the mountains and valleys of Western Mongolia with their herds from the 19th century. They believe in the pre-Islamic cults sky, ancestors, fire and supernatural forces of good and evil spirits. Hunt for Eagle - their traditional art and every year celebrates the feast of the eagle, which come participants and spectators from all aimags of the country.
Himba - an ancient tribe of tall, slender shepherds Namibia. From the 16th century they live in scattered settlements and lead a life that remains constant, experiencing war and drought. Tribal structure helps them to live in one of the most extreme areas of our planet.
Juli - Papuan people living in the highlands. Traditionally, they are animists, have the strict ritual offerings to please their ancestors. They live by hunting, implemented mainly by men, and the collection and cultivation of plants, carried out mainly by women. Food they have plenty, they rallied family and honor the wonders of nature. they are still a lot of quarreling with neighboring tribes, so it is important to paint a frightening and hairdo.
Asaro - clay people - a wild tribe of Papua New Guinea. They first met with the civilized Western world in the mid-20th century. They are molded from clay frightening masks and daubed gray clay, eager for belief resemble the terrible ghosts to scare enemies.
Kalama - another tribe of Papua New Guinea, living in a remote mountain village Simbay that help them to maintain a strong and rich cultural identity.
Chukchi - the ancient people of the Arctic Chukotka Peninsula. Due to the remoteness of their territories hospitality it is highly valued in these people, and they believe that all natural phenomena have their spirits. Their unique style of life is well preserved, but the invasion of the achievements of modern civilization continues to hang around. Chukchi of all ages love to sing, dance, listen to stories and reports tongue twisters. Their age-old art - carved bone and walrus tusks any scenes from daily reality.
Māori - a Polynesian people, the indigenous people of New Zealand. Thanks to centuries spent in isolation, they formed a separate community with a distinctive art, its own language and unique mythology. And although they are assimilated with the European colonists in the 18th century, they preserved many aspects of their original culture. Legend has it that 12 large canoes brought 12 different tribes with their mystical homeland Hawaiki in the 13th century. And yet the true Maori can tell which of these tribes they belong.
Mustang, the former kingdom of Lo, Nepal. In this area in 2000 sq. km. home to only 7000 inhabitants. Traditions of the people of this kingdom are closely related to early Buddhism. Almost in every village there is a monastery, demonstrates the important influence of religion on society. Up to now, we have to be polygamy among brothers.
Samburu, the people of northern Kenya. They are moving every 5-6 weeks to ensure their subsistence livestock. It is an independent and egalitarian nation. They build huts of mud and twine their barbed fences for protection against wild animals. Childbirth is very important to Samburu, childless women ridicule even children. They believe in spells, rituals and spirits. Solutions in the tribe made by men, but women may convene a board and then to announce its results for men.
Tsaatan - reindeer herders living in the northwest of Mongolia. At the moment, they account for only 44 families. They do not eat the meat of deer, only milk and use their bones. With his tipi they move from 5 to 10 times a year for remote areas in conditions of up to 50 degrees below zero in winter. To this day, they practiced shamanism.
Gaucho - pastoralists Spanish-Indian descent living in the prairies of Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. It was a stray seed, close in spirit to the American cowboy, but now most of the prairies settled or given for commercial ranching, so that little space is left for them to their nomadic life. The word "gaucho" began to be used in the second half of the 19th century to refer to the lonely wanderers, sometimes in the company of a woman, always with a knife, throwing bolas and lasso. Duels tried not to kill the enemy, but to leave a scar on his face. Gaucho - great riders and their skills to use in the wars for independence.
Rabar - nomads who roam the western India for almost 1000 years, and it is obvious they have migrated to the Iranian plateau a thousand years ago. Artfully embroidery - the most important characteristics indicative of their culture. Men usually go in search of new pastures for cattle and women remain in the villages in a modest two-bedroom house, the interior of which are also themselves the highest art of exquisite decoration. Their art - tattoos, they covered most of the body.
Ni-Vanuatu - the inhabitants of the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu (the word means "the land forever") to the right of Australia. An important part of their culture is the dance, the most famous is the male snake dance. Archaeological excavations have argued that the settlements on the islands began in 500 BC, and the first settlers arrived from Papua New Guinea. Now all inhabited islands have their own language (varies more than a hundred), their traditions and customs. Practice they have to think, the primitive form of religion.
Ladakh - the inhabitants of the cold desert in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. They are very rich folklore and refers to the pre-Buddhist times. And they practiced for nearly 1000 years of Tibetan Buddhism neighbor. Because of weather conditions, they are 4 months of the year, in the remaining 8 months of work is minimal, and abundant feasts. Basically, they are farmers who grow potatoes, pumpkin, beets, beans and wheat. And make a variety of dishes to lamb and chicken. This is a very rallied and ready to help people.
Mursi - ethnic group of south-western Ethiopia. It is traditionally a nomadic people, but the organization of national parks has reduced their access to the territory and has threatened their natural resources. In the process of movement they build or move their huts made of reeds, twigs and Paloma, moreover it is the responsibility of women. Women are known for clay plates, which are inserted into the lower lip (it is incredibly stretching) at the age of 15 years. This custom was invented in order to deter a possible enemy. But now the larger the plate, the more cattle is a girl who reach the age of marriage.
Tibetans - an ethnic group of about 5, 5 million people. Archaeologists believed that they were the descendants of native tribes of nomadic Qiang. And the history of Tibet ( "Roof of the World") started 4000 years ago. Prayer flags, celestial burial, ritual demonic dancing, rubbing sacred stones - all these typical Tibetan traditions have evolved from an ancient shamanistic Bon religion. Buddhism mixed with Bon in the 8th century BC and practiced everywhere, not only every day, but sometimes hourly. Costumes and decorations reflect not only the habits, but also the history, beliefs, climate and character of the people. Tibetan medicine is based on the principle of human perception of the body as a microcosm of a system consisting of five basic elements. Treatment is carried out a wide range of plants, minerals and other natural resources.
Uorani (translated as "people") - an Indian people living in the territory of eastern Ecuador. They consider themselves the bravest tribe of the Amazon. Until 1956, they had no contact with the outside world. According to legend, they consider themselves descendants of the marriage of the jaguar and the eagle. They never hunt jaguars and never kill snakes (this is considered a bad omen). Family life is very important in their culture, and they live close large families in long houses. They migrate to other places, when using the territory to the maximum, to help the land recover.
daasanach people - the indigenous people living in southwest Ethiopia Valley of the Omo River. It is interesting that this nation is not determined by ethnicity: anyone, if they agree on spiritual cleansing (perhaps circumcision) can be adopted into the tribe. Women Building semicircular design-huts without internal divisions of the sticks, reeds and twigs, and assign the right side of the home to fit your needs. Most of them have Muslim names, but animism is still widely practiced.
Banna - another Ethiopian tribe, numbering about 45 000 people. They live in camps, consisting of several related families. Due to the harsh conditions they have to live a semi-nomadic life. During the dry season, men go for long distances in search of water and grass and to collect wild honey. They are great beekeepers and honey produce much more than they consume, so they sell honey in the markets and buy guns with the money who can not produce themselves.
Karo - Ethiopian neighbors Banna. There were between 1,000 and 3,000 residents of the eastern coast of the Omo River. These were famous device magnificent homes, but since then, they have lost their wealth, they began to build lighter conical huts. Each family has two houses: is - the main living room of the family, and Guppy - a place of concentration of household activities. Women are very devoted to family life, on the feet from dawn to dusk, and men, mainly engaged in the protection of the village from the wild animals, hunting for crocodiles and other predators, or just sitting under the eaves and chew tobacco.
Hamar - even some residents of the fertile valley of the Omo River in Ethiopia. National census in 2007 recorded about 50 thousand people of this ethnic group, of which nearly a thousand have become urban residents. Parents have a serious control over the lives of their sons, who graze cattle for the family, they also give permission for the marriage. Men often pull a marriage of 30-35 years, and girls, on the contrary, are brides aged about 17 years. At the conclusion of the marriage the groom's family is obliged to pay the bride's family a great tribute, consisting of cattle, goats, and weapons, they do it in installments, sometimes lifelong.
Arbor - Ethiopian tribe of about 4, 5 thousand people. Women are wearing multiple colorful beads and covered with black head scarves. During the ritual dance, they sing, to be cleansed of negative energy. Arbor believe in the Supreme Personality, the creator and father of all the people, they call it wack (Waq). family wealth is calculated according to the existing livestock.
Dani - Indonesian people living in the mountainous parts of western New Guinea, in Baliemskoy Valley. They are skilled farmers and use the productive irrigation system. Archaeological excavations show that these lands are cultivated already 9000 years. They often have to fight against the neighboring nations and tribes, but they do not eat human flesh, unlike most other native tribes. The men go naked and put on the penis Kotek, something like a sheath, manufactured mainly from a pumpkin. Wikipedia says that no names for any colors other than black and white in the language of the tribute.
Yali - Papuan people living in the upper reaches of Papua Indonesia. They call themselves the "Kings of the Earth", and officially they are considered pygmies, because men do not achieve growth above 150 cm. Their Kotek are particularly long and subtlety. Their territory has very limited access to natural, mostly only by air. Their buildings are usually located on the ridges of the mountains, keeping the traditional need of such protection by other tribes. Yali is considered one of the most dangerous cannibals western part of New Guinea. Men, women and children sleep in different huts.
Korowai - Papuan savage tribes living in the south-eastern part of the Indonesian province of Papua. About them we were told this morning alone. There are about 3,000 people, up to 70-ies, they have not seen white people, and they do not wear Kotek. But the men are hiding in the scrotum and a member of the top sheet tightly tied. They build houses in trees and engage in hunting and gathering. They are dominated by strict separatism between men and women.
Drukpa (about 2,500 people) live in three small villages in the disputed territory between India and Pakistan. Historians define them as the only descendants of the Aryans left in India. They are completely different - culturally, socially and language - all the other inhabitants of Ladakh. They traditionally kiss in public and exchange sexual partners without any restrictions. Their main source of income - products with well-kept vegetable gardens.
Nenets live on the coast of the Arctic Ocean. They are nomadic herders, migrating along the Yamal peninsula annually by 1,000 kilometers, including 48 kilometers on the frozen waters of the Ob River. Starting from the Stalinist era, children are sent to boarding schools, and production of oil and gas since the beginning of the 70s much changed their indigenous way of life. The families live in separate tents made from reindeer skins stretched over a long wooden staves, and carry with them during the migration process. With deer they were believed concluded a secret agreement on cooperation. Clothes still traditionally sew women: a double layer of 8 reindeer skins and leather shoes deer up to the thigh. They practiced shamanism and the belief in the spirits of the local gods. Wooden idols they are transported on special holy sleigh. They sacrificed a deer, eat half, and the other given to the gods, and smeared the blood of the sacred deer sled. they also believe that the stones of unusual forms - it is the remains of the gods, guides them for more than a millennium.
Map location of said tribes