15 of the most impressive forts in the world
Forts has long been used to protect and hide from enemy attacks. Some of these structures are not only reliable and functional, but simply dazzling. In this collection assembled the most powerful military fortress, from ancient castles to modern military bases.
1. Rock of Gibraltar.
The Rock, located in the Strait of Gibraltar, in the southern part of the Iberian Peninsula. For a long time it served as a fortress for the English garrison, and during the Second World War has been strengthened and has become a key point in the defense of the British Mediterranean.
2. The underground complex in Cheyenne Mountain.
The Cheyenne Mountain Center is a unified North American Aerospace Defense Command. The main feature of the fort - the massive front door weighing 25 tons. Since July 2006, the underground complex began to be used for non-military purposes - there were carried out the shooting of the popular TV series "Stargate".
3. Chittorgarh Fort.
The largest fort in India, which occupies 700 acres of land, located on the top of 590-meter-high mountains. Impregnable structure with watchtowers and iron doors in metal spikes. Inside the fort there is a system of tanks to collect rainwater, accommodating up to a billion gallons, so the fort could withstand a long-term siege.
4. Windsor Castle.
One of the oldest and largest castles in the world, he served as a home to the British royal family for a thousand years. Built by William the Conqueror as a strategic military fort. The walls of the castle are still strong and it is still held official ceremonies and meetings related to the royal family of Great Britain.
5. Fort Jefferson.
Fort of the XIX century, located on the island of Garden Key. Once served as a prison for the conspiracy to assassinate President Lincoln. He is currently a tourist attraction.
6. Prague Castle.
One of the biggest castle complexes in the world, with an area of more than 230 thousand square meters. Initially, the Prague Castle served the function of bastion fortifications, and later the castle became the seat of Czech kings.
7. The Boeing B-17 "Flying Fortress".
Heavy-metal four-engine bomber, participated in the battles during the Second World War. It is known for its invincibility: the plane is not just returning from the battlefield at very considerable damage.
8. Marienburg Castle.
The largest medieval brick castle in the world, in the XIV and XV centuries, it served as the residence for the Teutonic Order. In 1410 the fortress successfully withstood a long siege.
9. The aircraft carrier "Nimitz", a floating fortress.
This autonomous floating fortress, equipped with a nuclear power plant. Capable of carrying on board more than 60 aircraft and 5,000 troops.
10. Fort Knox.
Military Base, which hosts the repository US gold reserves. fort walls consist of granite, concrete, and the front door is made of steel and weighs 20 tonnes. In addition, the fort is protected by a digital and visual observation and is equipped with all imaginable and unimaginable high-tech security systems.
11. Fort Sumter.
Located on a small rocky island, granite fort was built to protect the port of Charleston. In addition to the fortified walls, the fort was equipped with multi-level artillery battery.
Initially, the Alamo was built as a Catholic mission, but later was used as a fortress for the Mexican, and then to the Texas army.
13. Königstein Fortress.
One of the largest fortresses in Europe, its walls rise to a height of 41 meters. Also known for its second deepest well in the Europe, through which the besieged never thirsty.
14. Fort Castillo de San Marcos.
The oldest stone fort in the United States, was built to defend against pirate attacks.
15. Maunsell Sea Fortress.
Marine anti-aircraft fort built to protect the large industrial centers of Great Britain from attack by German bombers.