7 interesting facts from biographies and jeweler Carl Faberge millionaire
• 7 interesting facts from the biography of millionaire jeweler Carl Faberge and
It is difficult to find a jeweler better known than Karl Faberge. Easter eggs made by him for the imperial family, now estimated at millions of dollars and are considered unmatched samples of jewelry.
jeweler himself has lived a difficult life: its share fell and carefree years in the height of his fame, and the hard days of emigration, neglect and poverty. We publish the most interesting facts from the biography of Carl Faberge.
The Caucasus, a Faberge egg 1893
Coronation egg Faberge 1893
1. The idea of creating Easter eggs originated from the Emperor Alexander III in. 1885. It was then that the Emperor ordered the jeweler wondrous little thing to a brighter holiday. Carl Faberge egg produced "Chicken", covered with white enamel. Inside it, as you might guess, it was located "yolk" of gold, which, in turn, was hidden hen with ruby eyes.
2. The first hack created a furor at the court, and since then Faberge annually produces more and more wonders. There were created 71 eggs (including 52 for the family of the emperor). Jeweler Faberge firm began to work exclusively in the court, in addition to the Easter gifts, Karl master created jewelry boxes, jewelry and various accessories.
Lily of the Valley, a Faberge egg 1898
The Moscow Kremlin, Fabergé egg 1906
Gatchina palace, a Faberge egg 1901
3. Products Faberge sold in major cities of Russia, it seemed, a prominent jeweler waiting for a carefree future. These illusions were dispelled in 1917, when the Bolsheviks came to power. At first, the revolution is not concerned Charles, though in his house kept the treasure in the amount of 7, 5 million gold rubles. For the safety of the jewels were in an armored elevator, a safe, which was connected to an electrical voltage.
Renaissance Faberge egg 1894
The fifteenth anniversary of the reign, a Faberge egg 1911
4. In addition to its own jewelry in the house of Faberge jewels were kept of foreigners who could not be transported from Russia. When it became clear that the Bolsheviks would get and Faberge, jeweler surrendered his house to stay the Swiss mission (at the time was a law on the protection of foreign property). All jewelry packed in suitcases 7, and their complete inventory took 20 pages! Cache lasted until May 1919, when the Bolsheviks, contrary to the law raided the house.
The Order of St. George, a Faberge egg 1916
Memory of Azov, a Faberge egg 1891
Egg rosebud, Faberge 1895
5. There are several versions about the fate of the treasures. On one of them all the jewels were confiscated by the Bolsheviks and were later sold abroad, on the other - a few suitcases were early taken to the Norwegian Embassy, but there they were stolen, along with historical data for the third version of Carl Faberge and his sons were able to hide a part of precious items in the caches.
Egg bars and roses, Faberge 1907
6. After the incident, Carl Fabergé was forced to leave Russia, he took away everything - a favorite thing, and a fortune, and native land. Arriving in Switzerland, he dragged out a miserable existence, longing for his former life. Charles died in 1920, the same year he created jewelry incredibly worthless.
Chicken, Egg Faberge 1885
Peacock, a Faberge egg 1908
7. After the October Revolution the Bolsheviks were trying to replenish the treasury "of the first communist state in the world", were selling Russian art treasures. They ransacked the church, sold paintings by old masters from the museum "Hermitage" and took up the crown, tiaras, necklaces and Faberge eggs belonging to the Emperor's family.
In 1925, a catalog of the imperial court of values (crown wedding crowns, scepter, orb, tiaras, necklaces and other jewelry, including the famous Faberge eggs) were sent to all foreign representatives in the USSR. Part of the Diamond Fund was sold to the English antiquarian Hormanu Weiss. In 1928, seven of the Diamond Fund "low-value" Faberge eggs, and another 45 items were seized.
However, precisely because of this Faberge eggs were saved from melting. Thus preserving one of the most incredible creations - egg "Peacock". Inside masterpiece of crystal and gold was enameled peacock. And this bird was mechanical - when it was removed from the golden branch, the peacock raised his tail like a real bird, and even able to walk.