The evolution of the Soviet-terrain vehicle
The world's first all-terrain vehicle has created a Jacob Spiker, who worked on his invention on his own small factory, located near Amsterdam. Project Spiker sunk into oblivion, however, has managed to be the beginning of a new era of engineering. The car, which is able to move without problems on any terrain, interested many - including engineers, Russian, and later Soviet army.
Rover was very relevant for our country. Village, which did not allow the aggressors to wade into the territory, and prevented the Soviet army to enter the border. Therefore, even the very first all-terrain model has been a relief for the country's leadership. Today we tell you how was created and has evolved as the Soviet rover.
In 1909, the Russian engineer of German descent Alex Kegress created all-terrain vehicle, which has no analogues in the world. It was intended for driving on snow. The car left virtually useless: caterpillar drive made of camel skins, constantly torn.
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Seven years later, the same Kegress demonstrated the leadership of the Soviet army advanced design. At this time, the basis for all-terrain armored vehicle has been accepted, "Austin", able to move on the usual Russian mud with an impressive speed of 25 km / h.
In 1947, there have been many projects of combat and civilian tracked vehicles. The country is in need of such a technique, since replaced by the Second World War has already rolled cold war. GPI-Model C-20 can successfully overcome ditches and a half meters deep and developed a speed of 50 km / h. Gators still did not know how.
All Terrain Vehicle GAZ-47, also held by the acronym GT-C, was known in the ranks of the Soviet soldiers as "Stepanida". The machine design has been very successful: all-terrain vehicle was able to wade through the very loose snow without sinking. Great popularity he enjoyed among researchers and geologists and was, for the most part, a purely civilian car.
C-3 US Model
US-3 model was intended for the officers of the army. As planned by the designers, the car was not only feel confident in the mud and snow, but also move on public roads silently. SUV could develop a cruising speed of 60 km / h. But the virgin snow proved an insurmountable obstacle for the model: the car skidded and sinking.
Welded hermetic enclosure, onboard brakes and chassis made of the lightest alloys, allow this model to feel confident in almost any terrain. US-0106 was very maneuverable, able to swim and copes with snow-ups.
ATVs, received a completely unpronounceable marking DITP-6901-01, has become one of the most successful of its kind. Pressurized cabin allowed him to overcome any depth of the river, and the caterpillar, and copes well with swamp mud, and with the snow crust.
One of the latest models of all-terrain amphibious Soviet period saw the light in 1983. GPI-3901 was very similar to its predecessor, DITP and bodywork, and driving characteristics. Tests of the all-terrain vehicle were the starting point for the development of a completely new type of all-terrain vehicles - "Arctic", "Sector-12," "Mammoth" and others, but that's another story.