The mystery of the death of the Soviet prosecutor at the Nuremberg trial

• The mystery of the death of the Soviet prosecutor at the court in Nuremberg

The mystery of the death of the Soviet prosecutor at the Nuremberg trial

May 23, 1946 in the city of Nuremberg, the hotel is located in the American zone of occupation in Germany, he was found dead Soviet Prosecutor Nicholas Zori. The death of Assistant Chief Prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials has caused a lot of questions. What was it - suicide, accident or homicide - has not yet been established.

Death Attorney

The pupil of children's home, Nikolai Zorya, before the war, made a career in the prosecutor's office, having risen from the district inspector to deputy prosecutor of the USSR, Andrei Vyshinsky (perhaps because of personal acquaintance with the latter). In 1939, when the NKVD chief Lavrenty Beria began "cleansing" in the internal affairs bodies, Zorya could reprisals for having called attention to the ugly facts of the Great Terror. Saved his enlistment. Zorya participated in the Winter War with Finland, then released from Stalingrad Nazis, Crimea, Belarus. At the end of 1945 State Class III adviser was appointed Assistant Attorney General of the USSR - he had to defend the Soviet position in the trial of Nazi war criminals.

On the day of death, the prosecutor found lying on the bed, was a circular wound in his temple. Nuremberg police who examined the body, made the preliminary conclusion that Zorya was shot while he slept. But an investigation into the incident the Germans were not admitted. According to the official Soviet version, the prosecutor accidentally pulled the trigger while cleaning a weapon, but the family was told that the lawyer committed suicide. More grounded version of many historians believe that Zorya was killed for being too "self-sufficiency".

Questions about Katyn

On behalf of the Attorney General in July 1946 Nicholas Zor had read the official Soviet position on the Katyn case. . The execution of 15 thousand Polish officers accused Russian Germans - and an international tribunal was to fix this point of view on this tragedy. However, the lawyer Hermann Goering protested and demanded additional hearings on Katyn.

To prepare for the debate Nikolai Zorya acquainted with the papers of the Soviet investigators, many of whom had been falsified. Version based on the testimony of false witnesses, was that the camp with Polish prisoners of war near Smolensk went to the Germans, the Poles who were shot in autumn 1941. Having studied the Katyn documents Nikolai Zorya appealed to the Prosecutor General Konstantin Gorshenin asking to let him go to Moscow. Already faced with the practice of falsification of cases during the persecution in 1937, he recognized the same "handwriting" of the NKVD in the securities of the Burdenko Commission. On this occasion, Zorya intended to share their thoughts with Andrei Vyshinsky.

Questions about the beginning of the war

Another reason for the murder could be Zori mistakes made by them at the Nuremberg trials. In particular, during the interrogation of Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus Attorney inappropriately drew attention to the fact that the Red Army in 1941 bombed Hungary and Finland. These events provoked the entry into the war of Hitler's allies, ambiguously interpreted by historians. There is a version that instead of a defensive war, Stalin intended to conduct offensive and these plans were not corrected in time. A May 22, the day before the death of Dawn, Joachim Ribbentrop publicly announced the details of the Soviet-German secret protocol to the pact of non-aggression, including items on the division of Eastern Europe. Nikolai Zorya not only did not prevent the Ribbentrop do it, but even sent Stalin fell into his hands a copy of the secret protocol, without consulting with the permission of his immediate supervisor - Chief Prosecutor of the USSR, Roman Rudenko.

Who exactly owned the initiative to eliminate the "inconvenient" the lawyer, is no accurate data. However, it is known that on the orders received from Stalin's secretariat, Zori body was buried in Nuremberg, and a year later removed from the grave and cremated. It is noteworthy that the son of the prosecutor, Yuri Zorya, during perestroika took part in a new investigation into the Katyn tragedy, which resulted in the Soviet Union officially recognized that the Poles killed by the NKVD.