Sergei Pankeeva destiny - the most famous patient of Sigmund Freud
• Sergei Pankeeva Destiny - the most famous patient of Sigmund Freud
Name Sergey Pankeeva became known due to the fact that the landlord was the favorite patient of Freud, with whom he worked for several years. To whom he dedicated his book, where the patient called "man-wolf" for the purpose of anonymity. Because of this, the nicknames around the name Pankeeva many legends were born, although the reasons for choosing such a sinister nickname was much more prosaic than the stories told by the people of the host "Wolf's Lair" in the village Vasilevka near Odessa.
House in Odessa, where the family lived Pankeevyh
Sergey Pankeev born into a wealthy merchant family in Odessa. In four years, he was worried by the same nightmare: he dreamed that 7 great white wolves sitting on the branches of a nut behind the window and watched. He was followed by the fear of wolves, and his phobia has become associated with himself. To identify the patient, without mentioning his name, and maintaining confidentiality, Freud began to call it "The Wolfman."
Sergey Pankeev at age 7 and his sister Anna, 9 years
Freud was not the first psychoanalyst who worked with Sergei Pankeevym. The first signs of depression he developed after his sister, visited the place of Lermontov's duel in Pyatigorsk, suddenly committed suicide, and after her father died from an overdose of sleeping pills. Sergei turned for help to the Russian psychiatrist Vladimir Bekhterev and his German counterpart Emil Kraepelin. Then, on the advice of the Odessa analyst Leonid Droznesa he went to Vienna at the reception to Sigmund Freud. And there was his patient for years to come.
The Wolfman, approx. 1910
Initially Pankeevu was diagnosed with "manic-depressive syndrome," but Freud did not agree with this and called the cause of his phobia obsessional neurosis. But the impetus for its development psychoanalyst named the boy seen in childhood sexual intercourse parents. And though Pankeev did not agree with this explanation ( "all this was impossible, since my circle of families, children always slept with a nanny, not the parents"), Freud insisted, referring to the patient, "the most valuable of all the discoveries that supportive fortune has given me to do. " He described the incident in the book "From the history of children's neuroses." After its publication, Sergei Pankeev became known worldwide as "The Wolf Man", although he did not hide his name.
However, Freud's treatment did not produce the desired results - the symptoms recur. The analyst explained by the fact that the patient is too early to stop treatment "because of fear of changing their fate and the desire to remain in their usual comfortable surroundings." Later Pankeev wrote memories of his treatment, which he admitted: "Going through psychoanalysis from Freud, I felt not so much by the patient as his employee - young fellow experienced researcher, who took up the study of a new, recently opened area."
The painting, which depicted his phobia Pankeev
Pankeev never got rid of his phobia. He later became an insurance lawyer, after the revolution moved from Odessa to Vienna, where he died at the age of 84 years. And in his country estate in Vasilevka started calling the "Wolf's Lair" and talk about his host absurd stories: how the landlord at night running on all fours, like eating raw meat and drinking the blood of animals, and so forth..
For more than 100 years of case Pankeeva arouses interest among scientists around the world. Psychoanalysts in our days trying to figure out what was Freud's mistake and why it was ineffective technique. According to one version, the reason for that - the language barrier. The key issues need to be sought not in the wolves, and ... nut! In the Russian language idioms to "give to nuts" refers to the threat of punishment for some offense. A child this phrase, heard presumably from the nurse ( "Now I'll give you a nut!") Took literally. And his dream - just a realization of fear of punishment. However, and this version is a matter of controversy.
The ruins of "Wolf's Lair" - estates Pankeevyh in Vasilevka near Odessa
In this manor home of the famous patient of Freud
From the estate Pankeevyh near Odessa, now in ruins. During the Civil War the estate looted, and the forest was cut down. Garden gradually fell into disrepair and was gone. In Soviet times, the estate was located the village council. Built in the middle of the XIX century. building required major repairs and began to collapse. Now from it there were only walls.