Laws animal matriarchy
• Laws animal matriarchy
In families where predominates a female, often is order. However, it is worth noting that it is also a dictatorship. I am always surprised the men who are literally obeyed the wives, but not surprised by such behavior in animals ...
In the wild, matriarchy are often from insects, such as bees, to the largest land mammals - elephants. With insects, I know only from the experience bitten, and macro - not mine, so about them I do not know anything. And since I am a photographer of wildlife, my observations are connected mainly with large mammals, mostly African predators. For many years I shoot feral cats and their distant relatives - hyenas. I want to tell you that the more I see the life of these feliformia, the more amazed and surprised.
Yes, of course, purely aesthetically pleasing to look at the lion's pride, but believe me, family life hyenas device more interesting.
The leading female hyenas controls absolutely all processes in the clan. In addition to the birth and upbringing of children, it defines the purpose of hunting and is the focal point during the attack. It defines all meals, keeps order and may literally punish the one who breaks it, though this happens very rarely.
Hold a stable social system helps hyenas highly developed and varied language of communication. Hyenas communicate with each other not only sounds that are extremely unpleasant to the human ear and remind mixture howling roar and laughter, but also smells. The smell is very pungent and hyenas in each individual unique. Depending on the reproductive cycle of smell varies and serves as an important regulator of vnutriklanovyh relations. The smell of the dominant female is humility, not only in the males, but also from other females, standing on the lowest rung in the hierarchy. Photographing hyenas, I have often noticed that the males often show their excited female genitalia. And often he just shakes his dignity before the females snout.
I thought that what he is trying to flirt, showing her his desire to mate. It is known that males are excited by the smell of the current female, but one day I noticed a similar behavior in the presence of a male just given birth to female woodcocks. Neither of which estrus at this point it could not, therefore, the male did not have to show interest in it. I was surprised by this, and I began to study the question.
As it turned out, such a behavior of the male shows his humility and complete submission! The female at this point starts to growl and rocks. We must pay tribute to the courage of the male, after shaking his dignity before such strong jaws - no laughing matter! For reference - hyenas jaw pressurized to 70 kg / cm2.
The clans males have such a low position of the hyenas that even young are a step above. Males in the pack a lot, but some eventually expelled. The decision to accept exile as dominant female. Despite the tough attitude to males in general, hyenas, females often show leniency to their fathers.
Who decides what the female is more important? Fighting for the "throne" is often the dominant female's daughter. The power struggle begins in childhood - young female woodcocks often enter into a deadly battle.
In this photo dominant female, raised tail is a demonstration of his high position in the pack.
In general, they are not so vile and, as many believe. Often funny and even cute:
In general, it reigns true hyenas pronounced matriarchy. But what you want from a woman who is not only bigger and stronger than his companion, but also has its own pseudo-penis ?! Yes Yes exactly! The first scientific descriptions of hyenas noted that they tend to be homosexual. Later, however, scientists have found that female clitoris may greatly increase, reaching 15 centimeters, and in such moments can be taken as a female male.
Here they are, hyenas.