Animals which are considered extinct
turns out that in the world there are animals that are very much in vain for a long time considered to be extinct from the earth. There are animals, which biologists for decades and centuries is remembered with sadness, and then suddenly this kind of reborn somewhere in the remote jungle thickets where rarely gets civilization.
Life finds its way back to the light, while the person is too far away to harm wildlife. In this list you will get acquainted with those creatures, which the scientific community has long been buried, and then it was indescribably happy to admit their error.
25. Nightcrawler Hypsiglena unaocularus
The little brown and black snake is found only on the island of Clarion (Clarion) in the region of the Pacific Coast of Mexico line. This kind of reptile as much as 80 years was considered extinct until researchers led by Daniel Mulkai and Juan Martinez Gomez (Daniel Mulcahy, Juan Martinez Gomez) did not find it again in May 2014.
24. The Przewalski horse
Przewalski horse is considered the last surviving subspecies of wild horse. One day she almost became extinct in the wild. This was mainly due to interbreeding with domesticated species of horses. Fortunately, thanks to the efforts of reproductive at the junction of the 20th and 21st centuries, this kind of success has bred again, and the population of wild Przewalski horses again peopled several areas of the Mongolian steppes.
23. The coelacanth - a detachment lopasteporyh fish
Fish detachment coelacanth - it is one of the most amazing extinct creatures on Earth that have been re-discovered in the wild. Previously, scientists believed that these rare fishes lobe disappeared about 65 million years ago, that is, even during the era of dinosaurs. But much to the surprise and delight of researchers in 1938, this animal was re-discovered in South African waters. Previously coelacanth considered the missing link in the evolutionary chain between waterfowl animals and those of them who first left the ocean and moved permanently to the land.
22. Sonevidny opossum or Monito Del Monte, opossum Chiloe, bells
The original name of this animal - Monito del Monte, which translates to a mountain monkey. However, do not believe him, because in front of you is not the primacy, namely the tiny South American opossum. Bells is sometimes called a "living fossil", and it is a nocturnal animal that lives mainly in the trees, was the only surviving representative of the long-extinct marsupial squad - mikrobiotery (Microbiotheria).
21. The ant genus Gracilidris
This is a special kind of ant night, Gracilidris, was considered extinct for a long time - about 15-20 million years ago. However, one myrmecology (specialist in ants), familiar with ancient fossils of this insect and its anatomy, found distinctive features Gracilidris in the living ant, they discovered in South America in 2006 during another research expedition.
20. Night Parrot
One of the most elusive and mysterious species of birds on the ground, night parrot - a small parrot that lives only in Australia. He was not seen for many years - from 1912 to 1979, and scientists have decided that this bird is simply died out. However, since the night parrot noticed several times already. Most often, this witness wildlife enthusiasts and professional photographer John Young (John Young), who managed to take some photos and video of rare specimens, once considered extinct forever.
19. Toad species Atelopus ebenoides
This type of toad lives in Colombia and 1990s was considered extinct because of the outbreak of the pathogenic fungus, which kills hundreds of amphibian species throughout the world. However, in 2006 the toad Atelopus ebenoides was rediscovered, which gives hope for the resurrection and other species affected by the epidemic hitridiomikoza caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
18. California condor
The wingspan of this handsome man reaches up to 3 meters! California condor is considered the largest bird in North America. This magnificent creation became extinct in the wild around 1987, when the last 27 American vultures were caught and sent to the program to restore the population of this rare and endangered species. 4 years later bred in captivity California condors back into the natural environment in several US states for their further spread across the continent.
17. Tuckahoe or wingless mullet
Once the bird is found in practically all over New Zealand, but now she lives only in the South Island (South Island). Tuckahoe - large flightless bird with a powerful beak and red feet thick. In the early 20th century, wingless mullet for a long time no one has seen, and ornithologists have concluded that this kind of completely extinct. However, in 1948 Dr. Geoffrey Orbell (Geoffrey Orbell) Tuckahoe rediscovered in a remote forest massif Murchison (Murchison).
16. The shrew species Cryptotis nelsoni
This creature lives in the San Martin volcano slopes (San Martin) in the east of Mexico. For the first time Cryptotis nelsoni has been detected by researchers Nelson and Goldman (E. W. Nelson and E. A. Goldman), who during his scientific expedition in 1894 faced at once with 12 individuals of this species. They were never seen again over the next couple of hundred years, and cute animals considered completely extinct. But in 2004, scientists re-discovered these animals in the same area as that of the naturalists of the 19th century.
15. Bermuda Petrel
One of the most famous animal in the scientific community, which was considered extinct, but again returned to our lives, is considered to Bermuda Petrel. This marine bird of medium size, live mainly in Bermuda. When Christopher Columbus sailed past Bermuda in 1492, where the population was spotted about 500 000 pairs, but by 1620 due to uncontrolled hunting of this species, Bermuda Petrel was never seen again, and he was thought to be extinct. In 1951, after almost 320 years, this rare bird has been found again.
14. The giant lizard of El Hierro (El Hiero)
Unique reptile was discovered on the island of El Hierro, the smallest island of the entire archipelago. Previously, the giant lizard lived almost all the Canary Islands, but in 1930 due to uncontrolled hunting of these animals, they seemed to have died out completely. Fortunately, in 1974 a local shepherd found a small population of this animal, was overjoyed scientific community of his discovery. Now on the island, there are about 300-400 animals. Lizard of El Hierro is the most rare in Europe and one of the 5 most endangered reptiles in the world.
13. Forest turtle Heosemys depressa
This is a very rare species of turtles dwelling in the bamboo forests of Arakan mountains in the area west of Myanmar (Myanmar). Forest turtle Heosemys depressa - polusuhoputnoe animal that was believed extinct from the face of the Earth in 1908. Naturalists believed that the cause of the extinction of species was the destruction of a person of their natural habitat. Turtle found again in 1994, when several individuals were on sale in Asian grocery stores.
12. Javan elephant Elephas maximus sondaicus
Once this kind of elephants flourished throughout the island of Java, but with the advent of Southeast Asia Europeans this animal is almost extinct. Scientists believe in the disappearance of the Javan elephant until 2003, while researchers have found that the pygmy elephant borneysky on all grounds - likely a descendant of the very Javanese giant. Local residents believe that hundreds of years ago the elephants from Java were somehow delivered to the neighboring island of Borneo.
11. Lizard Phoboscincus bocourti
A rare lizard Phoboscincus bocourti grows up to 50 centimeters in length, and was rediscovered in 2003 on the island of New Caledonia (New Caledonia) in the South Pacific, where it has long been thought extinct. This kind of thought completely extinct reptiles, because they saw her only once - as many as in 1876. It was not until 2003, when French scientists discovered a live specimen at the Pen Island. Now Phoboscincus bocourti is listed in the International Red Book and is on the verge of destruction.
10. Florida Panther
Florida Panther - is the rarest subspecies of cougar and one of the clearest examples of animals whose existence once was in "critical condition", and whose numbers are still with great difficulty was restored. By the 1970s, the population of these wild cats are very sharply reduced to only 20 individuals in the wild. Thanks to the protection measures and control population growth by 2013, scientists were able to increase the number of Florida pumas to 160 individuals, but they are still on the verge of extinction and are struggling to survive.
9. Salmon species Oncorhynchus kawamurae
Salmon Oncorhynchus kawamurae - a subspecies of sockeye salmon, which once swam in the waters of the Japanese lake Lake Tazawa (Tazawako). In the 1940s, a rare salmon considered completely extinct after because of work in hydroelectric reservoir rose much the level of acidity. Fortunately, the living population of these fish has been recently found in another lake, where eggs Oncorhynchus kawamurae were issued in 1935 during a failed program previously thought for reproduction endangered species.
8. Dryococelus australis
This amazing stick insect - great nocturnal insects that inhabit once all the volcanic island of Lord Howe (Lord Howe Island) in Australia. Rare flightless insect was discovered in 1788, and already in 1920 it was thought to be extinct because of people brought here in mice and rats, which inflicted serious damage to the local ecosystem. However, in 1960 Dryococelus australis was again seen, but on the volcanic island of Ball's Pyramid (Balls Pyramid), located just a few kilometers from Lord Howe.
7. The Cuban SOLENODON takuahe or
This is a curious little creature, known for its poisonous saliva, and there are CUBAN SOLENODON. Takuahe - an extremely rare mammal, and the history of its study, the researchers found a total of 36 individuals. In 1970, the Cuban SOLENODON even considered completely extinct since 1890 no one met them. Fortunately, since 1974, these animals showed up again, and zoologists have confirmed that they still live in some parts of Eastern Cuba.
6. Ivory Bill
Ivory Bill - one of the largest species of woodpeckers in the world, and it grows up to 51 cm in height with a wingspan of up to 76 centimeters. Due to the destruction of their natural habitat and excessive hunting White-billed woodpeckers have virtually disappeared from the wild, but in 2005 they accidentally filmed on video near swamps of Arkansas, USA. Now this bird is listed as endangered under the status of "critical state" of its population.
5. The giant squid
A recent study found that the giant squid, a huge deep-sea cephalopod, reaching up to 13 meters in length, could disappear forever from the face of the Earth. The exact reason why the population of the most intelligent marine animal became very sharp decline, is still not clear. One of the probable reasons is considered to be an abundance of sperm whales (eat giant squid), within the range of endangered cephalopods. Though no less mysterious to science they considered themselves the squid because they live at the bottom of the deepest seas, where they are very difficult to be closely monitored.
4. The Caspian horse
The Caspian horse - a breed of medium-sized horses, the oldest form of domesticated horses, appeared for the first time in the north of Iran, and was considered extinct since the 7th century AD, when collapsed Persian Empire. This kind of seemed completely lost for nearly 1300 years until it suddenly rediscovered in 1965 in a small Iranian village. Extinct animal discovered Iranian breeder of horses, the American Louise Firouz (Louise Firouz).
3. Eagle kind Eutriorchis astur
Madagascar eagle Eutriorchis astur - predatory bird of medium size and a rare kind of feathered inhabitants of the tropical forests of Madagascar. The natural habitat of this animal is undergoing major changes that affect the population in tears the whole fauna of the region. For a while Eutriorchis astur altogether it was considered completely extinct, but recently this species newly discovered in the wild.
2. woolly flying squirrel
It is not only the largest flying squirrel in the world, but also the rarest representative of its subfamily. Woolly flying squirrel lives high in the mountains of northern Pakistan in the most remote areas to humans, and that's why for the first time the scientific community has learned about its existence on the skins with the local bazaars. Nocturnal animals have not seen the last few decades, and it was decided to declare it extinct. In 1996, the woolly flying squirrel was rediscovered in a remote Tibetan and Himalayan forests. To date, there are about 10 species of rare rodent.
1. Ant species Nothomyrmecia macrops or dinosaur ant
This insect is also sometimes called the revived fossil. Nothomyrmecia macrops - one of the most striking examples of how to look ancient ants that lived on our planet about 100 million years ago. Live specimen dinosaurian ant was first found in 1931 in the far west of Australia. Since this insect did not meet anyone else, and scientists have found it to be extinct. However, in 1977 a thriving colony of ants has been discovered unexpectedly has 1,200 kilometers from the first discovery in 1931 - around the Eyre Peninsula (Eyre Peninsula), South Australia.