Russian nuclear icebreakers device
• Device nuclear icebreakers Russia
Russia - the only country that has a nuclear icebreaker fleet. Currently, it includes 9 active vessels: 4 nuclear-powered icebreakers, 4 maintenance of the ship and the container 1. Dominance on the icebound seas began in the '60s - the Soviet Union had no equal. Nowhere in the world there was no ships of this type.
"50 Years of Victory" - the largest nuclear-powered icebreaker in the world, which is able to break through the ice three meters thick. Until recently, this work has been used as a heavyweight cruise ship and drove tourists to the North Pole, but in 2015 he again leads convoys across the frozen seas.
On the nuclear icebreaker "50 Years of Victory" to the North Pole in 2013 was taken to the Olympic flame.
By 2020, the Russian icebreaker fleet should be replenished once three new nuclear icebreakers - launching the first of which is planned for the near future.
Construction of a new modern icebreaker costs about 42 billion rubles.
10 out of 10 nuclear-powered icebreakers that existed in the world, were Soviet or Russian - eight of them have been built in our country, and only 2 - at Finnish shipyards, but the project of the USSR and the Soviet Union. Thus nuclear power units were installed on these ships already in Leningrad.
The housing icebreaker "50 years of Victory" - Dual: thickness of the outer shell to the part which breaks the ice reaches nearly 5 cm between the hulls are tanker ballast water: the water flows from one side to another, as a result of the ship sways and. It breaks the ice.
class icebreakers "Arctic" can break the ice, moving not only forward but also backward. However, it takes more energy.
The case of the nuclear submarine is divided into watertight compartments: even if they flooded the main ones, the ship will remain afloat.
The icebreaker "Yamal" is different from their counterparts on the nuclear fleet shark smile painted on the nose. It came about when in 1994 the icebreaker in the framework of an international humanitarian programs carried the children to the North Pole - the ship looked so fun. It was planned that after this trip smile will be painted over, but eventually refused by the decision, and the shark's mouth became firm hallmark vessel.
First, all class icebreaker "Arktika" were painted in yellow color, but it turned out that it is difficult to see from the air, so the court repainted in bright red or orange.
Learn more interesting facts about nuclear icebreakers from the program "Tehnogenika", which airs on the Discovery Channel Sundays at 19:00