In the holy Mecca building skyscraper hotel
• In the sacred Mecca building skyscraper hotels
In the sacred for all Muslims in Mecca in Saudi Arabia build the biggest hotel in the world to place 10 thousand numbers in the giant building, the total area of the hotel's functional areas exceed 1, 4 million square feet. m. In fact, the hotel complex will be a mini-city with 70 restaurants and food courts, 45 shops, 4 pads for helicopters, a conference center, gyms, parking lots and prayer rooms.
But it is not only a giant hotel Mecca ...
The hotel "Abraj-Kudai" resembles its shape traditional stronghold. Giant building consists of ten packages towers collected in the ring.
In the central tower at a height of 45 floors is one of the largest, designed in a Moroccan style domes in the world to be installed. Around him, on the roof of the towers will be located four helipads. Also inside the dome are planning to open a vast hall for meetings. Rooms in the ten towers of the hotel will match the level of 4 *, in two towers will house five-star rooms and royal suites.
The computer 3D-model of the largest hotel in the world "Abraj-Kudai"
The opening was scheduled for 2017, but due to the fall in oil prices construction was delayed. The hotel will welcome its first guests until 2019.
Investors are confident that the hotel will be in high demand, as every year millions of pilgrims visit Mecca, Muslims from around the world who perform the ritual of the Hajj - the pilgrimage to the holy places of Islam. One such Muslim holy places - the Kaaba, the black cube in the center of the world's largest mosque Al-Haram, which after the upgrade and can accommodate up to 7 million pilgrims at the same time.
The sky behind the Great Mosque bristled construction cranes, lifts one giant after another hotel tower
"Abraj-Kudai", located just two kilometers from the holy Al-Haram - the latest attempt to turn the Saudis in Mecca Middle East Manhattan. Over the past few years, the infrastructure and the size of the sacred to all Muslims of the city changed dramatically. There were many new architectural objects, including "Abraj Al-Bayt" - a huge complex consisting of seven skyscraper hotel overlooking the Kaaba. This is the largest building in the world, by weight, is the tallest building in Saudi Arabia, and the third in the world after the Burj Khalifa tower and Shanghai, as well as the highest hotel in the world.
The hotel "Abraj Al-Bayt" with its gigantic clock far exceeds the size of the Great Mosque and the black cube Kabbah, which in themselves are quite large
At the top of the highest tower of the Royal mounted a huge clock with a diameter of 43 meters (length-clockwise at 17 meters a minute - 22), located at an altitude of 400 meters above the ground. Four of the dial mounted on the four corners of the earth. Watch Giants visible from any place of the city and is the largest and most high-rise clock in the world, and thanks to backlighting at night they can be seen from a distance of 30 km.
A view of the Tower of the hotel "Abraj Al-Bayt" of the Great Mosque
Construction "Abraj Al-Bayt" has caused much controversy. To make way for this building, developers demolished the old Ottoman fortress of the XVIII century and leveled the hill on which it stood. Aydzhad fortress demolished today was built in 1781 during the reign of the Ottoman Empire in order to protect the Kaaba from attack.
So in the future will look like the northern part of the Great Mosque. Kabbah - a tiny speck in the lower right corner
Destruction of heritage objects related to the early period of Islam, continues the centuries since then, when the Wahhabis announced that sinful idolatry. In Mecca and Medina destroyed the most important objects related to the Prophet Muhammad and his family, including tombs, mausoleums, mosques and homes. Khadija's house was destroyed, Muhammad's first wife, in order to, according to "Wikipedia", to make a pass to the library, and according to The Guardian - make way for public toilets. Where once stood the house of the first Islamic caliph Abu Bakr, now the towering hotel "Hilton". The birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, now lies in ruins. The house in which he lived in Medina, and the first Islamic school, where he studied the Prophet, also razed to the ground. In this case, the list of crimes against the legacy goes on and on.
"They make a holy place in the mechanism, a city that has no identity, no heritage, no culture, no nature. They even destroyed the mountain "- complains themselves Angavi, architect and founder of the Research Center for the Hajj from Jeddah, who for the past three decades, explores and documents the historical buildings of Mecca and Medina.
Thousands of tents for the pilgrims in Mina, near Mecca
The bulk of tourists in Saudi Arabia constitute the pilgrims, especially in Mecca, to which access is forbidden to the infidels. During the annual hajj to Mecca come more than three million pilgrims, and in the remaining months of the holy city is visited by over 20 million people, because he has become a popular venue for weddings and conferences. To cope with the increasing influx of tourists, the Saudis decided to demolish most of the old residential quarters, including heritage sites, to make room for the necessary infrastructure for such a large number of pilgrims. In the city of Mina, located 8 kilometers from Mecca, the Saudi government has established more than 100 thousand tents with air conditioning to accommodate pilgrims. Although every year Hajj is performed only for five days, then permanently installed tents.
Another major construction project in Mecca - "Jabal Omar", the hotel consists of 40 residential towers, which will house 160 thousand Muslim pilgrims, as well as a prayer area for 200 thousand faithful. Great Mosque itself is being upgraded cost $ 50 billion to double the capacity of prayer halls - from 3 million to nearly 7 million people. To make way for the giant project, a large part of the old town is simply leveled. Locals put before the fact of eviction in just a week, and many of them have still not received compensation.
Unfinished "Jabal Omar"
"This is a common story associated with the development of Mecca - says Irfan al-Alawi, Director of the Research Foundation of the British Islamic heritage. - Now people live in slums on the outskirts of the city, where there is no proper sanitation. Local residents, who inhabited the city for generations, are forced to leave to make room for these marble castles, stretching into the sky. "
But the most awaited project of Saudi Arabia is considered a skyscraper Jeddah Tower, which is also called "Royal Tower", in the port city of Jeddah. The height of the skyscraper is expected to be one kilometer, and there will be more than 250 floors. It will be the tallest building in the world, surpassing the Burj Khalifa in Dubai in height 828 meters. "This is the end of Mecca - said al-Alawi. - And for what? Most of these hotels 50% free, and shopping malls are empty, because the rent is too high for the former owners of stalls in the market. And people who pray in the new, expanded part of the Great Mosque, is not even able to see the Kaaba. "