Extreme and ridiculous old Hollywood diet: tapeworms and sandwiches on 8000 calories
Now many celebrities addicted to gluten-free diet or switching to a raw food diet, but the strange eating habits - not a new trend. If you go back 60-70 years ago, we can see that the stars of that time, too, used a dangerous or simply absurd ways to lose weight. Marilyn Monroe drank raw eggs, whipped with milk, and Elvis Presley could sleep for three days in a row to have smaller. These methods took over the ordinary people, and appeared quite crazy diets - from swallowing worms to chew food 700 times.
The historian Food Helen Zoe Veit, 15 years studying the twentieth century, says that at this time there were many funny and strange diets, because they quickly develop mass media and people wanted to achieve the same figure as that of their heroes from TV and cinema . "The rise of the stars of culture in our country is inseparable from the development of visual culture: what if at the same time there will be photos, video, advertising ... In the 1920s and 1930s, photography became massively reprinted in cheap newspapers and magazines - so was born the cult of celebrity and thinness."
Maria Callas, tapeworms and 45 kilograms dropped
Opera singer Maria Callas from 176 kilograms per year has reached 136. It is believed that she used for this tapeworm. In the 1940s it was a popular way to lose weight: it was necessary to swallow the worm so that it absorbs the food that eats people.
When Callas in 1947 fell into the world of opera, she was satisfied with her addition, although by today's standards it is considered obese. But then the director Luchino Visconti gave her an ultimatum: they will not work together for "La Scala", while Mary did not throw at least 31 kilograms.
In an interview with the English conductor Edvar Dons Kallas admitted: "I became so severe that even my voice was harder. I was tired, a lot of sweating and working hard. And I did not feel very well, I could not move freely. " After the premiere of the opera "Aida" the reporter wrote: "The feet of elephants, who were on the scene, it was impossible to distinguish from Maria Callas feet." Callas lost 45 kilograms in such a short time that the evil tongues say, if it is for this swallowed tapeworm. The singer claimed that the whole thing only in a healthy diet, but rumors continued, especially after the people from her entourage confirmed that she did it.
In Mexico, it is fashionable to use for weight loss tapeworm, it can cost up to 1500 dollars. Dr. Tanya Tsukerbrot, nutritionist who worked with stars for over 20 years, says that the parasite seriously harms the body. If you eat undercooked meat of an animal infected with a tapeworm, it can lead to cysticercosis - toxic disease affects the nervous system and can cause paralysis. Also violated the processes of digestion and absorption of nutrients in the small intestine.
Although Callas and lost weight, she was a voracious appetite. Star loved to cook and continued to collect recipes from chefs around the world, though already and could not try them: scrambled eggs with tomatoes, lemon cupcakes, custard donuts. According to the biographer of Callas, writing down recipes singer replaced the pleasure of eating.
Losing weight, she continued to arrange trendy dining, but carefully choose food for himself, while the guests enjoyed the meal. Picture taken in 1965, Callas is sitting next to a millionaire Aristotle Onassis, who soon left the singer, and three years later he married Jacqueline Kennedy.
Marilyn Monroe: raw eggs in milk for breakfast and ice cream in the evening
By the 1950s, it became fashionable women skaters, but extreme diets have not gone away, and even Marilyn Monroe, vesivshaya 53 kilograms during the growth of 166 centimeters, weight loss use harsh methods.
Marilyn Monroe in her underwear and silk dressing gown in the film advertising "How to Marry a Millionaire," which was released in 1953.
In September 1952, the actress told the magazine Pagrant, that breakfast raw eggs, scrambled with milk. "I was told that I have an extremely strange eating habits, but I disagree with that. I think it is the most nutritious breakfast for a working girl who is in a hurry - no doctor can advise nothing better. "
Tsukerbrot nutritionist warns that such a breakfast carries a high health risk: "It's not safe, raw eggs contain salmonella. To not get food poisoning, eggs cook better: calorie and nutrient composition will not change. With regard to whole milk, it is a source of saturated fat. It is better to use low-fat milk. "
At dinner, the star ate fried liver and raw vegetables (especially carrots she loved). But at the same time in the evenings after classes in drama school actress often he came into the ice-cream for dessert with hot chocolate fudge. Monroe says: "I am sure that I could not afford this weakness, if my normal diet does not consist of some proteins."
Despite the ice-cream in the evening, the actress has kept her waist girth 62 centimeters. Maybe it's the daily ten-minute workouts every morning Monroe, about 15 times a small weight lifted - as long as "not yet tired." She never went in for sports seriously: "I can not stand the training, if they are too regulated. I've never been interested in sports, especially outdoor games. I never wanted to succeed in tennis, swimming and golf. I would rather leave it to the men. "
Elvis Presley superkaloriynye sandwiches and sleep for three days
Now the famous sports men expect a muscular physique, but in the 1960s, singers and actors have sought to leanness, for example, Paul McCartney weighed 68 kilograms. Elvis Presley's early career weighed 77 kg at growth of 182 centimeters, but drug addiction and bad eating habits have brought the star to 117 kilograms. Power Presley is at least unlikely. For breakfast he ate fried in butter homemade cookies, cakes and scrambled eggs from four eggs, sometimes with fried bacon. His chef Mary Jenkins in a documentary film in 1995 told how the singer ate sandwiches: toast, peanut butter, sliced bananas and a few strips of bacon, fried in a large spoonful of butter.
The singer could eat a whole loaf of bread without crumbs, dropping to an entire jar of peanut butter, a jar of grape jelly and a pound of bacon. One such sandwich contains 8,000 calories, which is about three times the daily rate. According to Jenkins, Presley could ask her to prepare a sandwich at any time of the day: in the morning, as soon as the woke up, and even at two o'clock. The time and place was not important for Presley when it comes to food: he even asked Mary to bring him junk food in the hospital when I had to stick to a healthy diet. Once the singer confessed to his assistant that only food makes him happy.
We Presley was so ridiculous diet that in his honor called the dishes - for example, "Meatballs Elvis for a party", is a large portion of ground beef wrapped in bacon.
To reset scored 50 kilograms, the singer is rumored to have used the "sleeping" diet. Its essence is that sleep affects weight loss. Therefore Presley could sleep for three days, just to not have to get into and then in his trademark white suit. Eventually strange drugs and dietary habits was adjusted to star constipation, glaucoma, hypertension, liver damage and increased colon. On the last day before his death, the singer surprised the maid, telling her he did not want to eat. The next morning he was found dead.
Elizabeth Taylor, steak with peanut butter and cottage cheese with sour cream in large quantities
Elizabeth Taylor was an icon of Hollywood, but after she was injured and her bedridden, the star began to overeat fried chicken and fanciful desserts. From 1951 to 1979, the actress gained more than 10 kilograms.
In 1960 the singer dietary habits were more strange than unhealthy. For breakfast she ate scrambled eggs with bacon and drank a cocktail of "Mimosa" of champagne with orange juice and dined baguette with peanut butter and bacon. Dinner consisted of fried chicken, peas, biscuits, mashed potatoes, corn bread, potato chips and a glass of whiskey Jack Daniels.
After the seventh marriage, Taylor decided to go on a diet and switched on protein foods: cottage cheese with sour cream and steak with peanut butter for dinner. His power is described in the book Elizabeth Takes Off, published in 1988.
While stars often sit on the protein diet, Dr. Tsukerbrot states that withdraw from the diet of carbohydrates - not the best way to lose weight: the body needs fiber.