The most exotic articles of the Criminal Code of the USSR
In Soviet times, how often hear young people today, all were equal, the poor did not have all worked conscientiously, but nothing of such dirty tricks as homosexuality and other perversions, no one ever heard! However, it is necessary to look to the Criminal Code of the USSR, it becomes clear that not all so clear. Criminal Code of the USSR is able to hit the modern Russians are very unusual items.
To be poor in the Soviet Union is prohibited by law. Article 209 of the RSFSR Criminal Code states that "systematic vagrancy or begging continues after repeated warnings made by the administrative authorities," punishable by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or corrective labor for a term of six months to one year. It was believed that beggary in the Soviet Union there is no social basis, so people who do this are just bums. However, the base can be, and was not, but the poor were. Especially a lot of them were after World War II, when there are many maimed and homeless people.
The same article 209 of the RSFSR Criminal Code provides for punishment and "maintenance of a parasitic way of life". This definition covers cases "when a person deviates from socially useful work and live on unearned income of more than four consecutive months or a total for the year." Parasites, as well as beggars, threatened a prison sentence or correctional labor for up to four years. In this case, a "socially useful work" was understood only work in the state-sanctioned form. There were cases of condemnation of this article, for example, the process engineer who has equipped his own rabbit farm and left the enterprise, began to live on the income from the farm, or the fire, which also left the service, becoming earn selling vegetables in the market. Sometimes this article applies to political persecution. Everyone is familiar with the example of Joseph Brodsky.
According to Article 154 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR speculation called "buying and resale of goods or other items for profit" and is punishable by imprisonment from two to seven years with confiscation of property. Today we are even difficult to understand, in what here is the crime, because all flea markets are filled with these same "speculators."
Chasing moonshine without intent is not forbidden today. And in Soviet times this innocent activity by our standards, it is fraught with serious trouble. Article 158 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for the production and storage without a purpose of selling of vodka or moonshine threatened by correctional labor for up to six months or a fine of up to $ 100. If it was about making moonshine with intent to sell, it could take up to three years or a fine up to get rid of 300 rubles.
The counter-revolutionary activity of
The infamous "Article 58" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR in the wording of 1922. Included treason, escape abroad, armed rebellion, contacts with foreign countries, espionage, causing Soviet industry damage and the national economy, sabotage, failure to report the impending counter-revolutionary crimes, and so on. N. In this article, in the camp, in exile and firing wall and proved the military conspirators, and simple hard workers, by mischance to talk with the wrong people. In 1961, this article is no longer valid, but there was another, with the number 69 "Sabotage" in the Criminal Code. For the "Action or inaction directed toward undermining the industry, transport, agriculture, financial system, trade," threatened a term of eight to fifteen years with confiscation of property. Be behind bars could plant manager or worker, who allowed without any malice blunders in the workplace.
The criminal liability for homosexuality was introduced in the Soviet Union only in 1934. Sodomy is a crime against the individual and punished with imprisonment up to five years. If aggravating circumstances, such as intercourse with a minor or violent period increased to eight years. In the 20s our country was on the way gay tolerance. Immediately after the revolution the relevant article of the king's law was abolished. In 1926 he visited the Soviet Union at the invitation of the Soviet government the founder of the World League of Sexual Reform Magnus Hirschfeld. And when in 1928 Congress held in Copenhagen "Institut für Sexualwissenschaft", the USSR was declared the congress participants a model of sexual tolerance. Article back in 1934 on the initiative of Genrikh Yagoda, who in a memo to the Kremlin reported on the disclosure of an entire network of underground brothels where homosexuals held their orgies, "pederasty were engaged in recruiting and corrupting perfectly healthy young people. The law under which it was possible to pursue homosexuals in criminal law, we do not. Thought would be necessary to issue the relevant law on criminal responsibility for sodomy. " Article 121 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR "Sodomy" was abolished only in 1993.