Apple, which entered the history of world science
• Apple, which entered the history of world science
Perhaps everyone at school knows about the legendary apple that fell on the head of Isaac Newton. It gave rise to the discovery of the law of gravitation and new scientific knowledge. These works of the great scientist made a real revolution in science XVII-XVIII centuries.
Woolsthorpe Manor - Newton's estate in Lincolnshire, England.
Most of his discoveries in various fields of mechanics, optics and mathematics young scientist Isaac Newton made in the period 1665-1667 gg. At this time in England was raging pandemic plague, Cambridge University was closed and Newton waited danger on his estate, where he was born and raised. It was at Woolsthorpe Manor (Woolsthorpe Manor) in Lincolnshire in the garden grows a tree that has become a byword.
The tree from which an apple fell famous.
This apple has about 400 years. The last 240 years of the tree is suffering from an influx of tourists, which are tamped underneath the ground and tear down the branch to the memory. Many even sit under it, waiting for the next apple will fall on top of them.
According to the legend, the young Isaac Newton walking in the garden, thinking about the nature of physical phenomena. And suddenly, with a tree branch came off and apple fell on his head. Allegedly at the same moment Newton came the bright idea of the power of attraction.
Voltaire - French philosopher, educator, poet, playwright, novelist of the XVIII century.
This version of events first presented in 1728, the philosopher and writer Voltaire. Great Frenchman was a popularizer of contemporary science. He added artistic details in the story that Sir Isaac Newton told his niece. So the case of the apple was in the pages of the book "The experience of epic poetry."
But there is another version of the events of the XVIII century, so significant for the world of science. One biographer scholar William Stukeley in his "Memoirs of the life of Isaac Newton," said a slightly different story. In a private conversation Newton told him that the apple does fall. On that day, a scientist in thought sitting in the garden, and the famous fruit from the branch broke and flew off into the grass. Newton noticed it and wondered why the apple fell down, rather than up or to the side. Perhaps it has moved in the direction of Earth, that it drew. Obviously, there is a force which acted on the apple. So why this force does not act further, even to the moon and other planets?
Portrait of Sir Isaac Newton. Godfrey Kneller, 1689.
On the basis of these reflections Isaac Newton formulated the law of gravitation. This finding would explain so many "white spots" of the XVIII century science, especially astronomy. The scientist also became famous for his work on mechanics, optics, differential and integral calculus. His works have become an important part in the revolution in science and its establishment in its current form.
In these days of the famous apple tree carefully looked after. Wood continues to blossom and bear fruit. For protection from the crowds it protected the small fence to keep the root system.